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Juvenile Corrections Exam 1
Terms in this set (25)
In re Gault
1. Notice of Charges
2. Right to counsel
3. Confront and cross exam witnesses/accusers
4. Freedom from self incrimination
Found Guilty =
Taken into custody
Engaged in delinquent conduct
maximum age of juvenile court jurisdiction
15-17 across states, every state has a specified age
minimum age of jurisdiction
6-10, not every state has a specified age
would be a crime if committed by an adult
only a crime for juveniles (ex. running away, truancy, etc)
parent can not care for child due to death or disability
ommision of actions
Who are the majority of delinquency referrals made by?
Law Enforcement Officers
4 Options when Arrested
What are the 2 reasons for sperating delinquents and status offenders?
1) Fear of labeling
2) They need to recieve different treatments
What was the rule PRIOR to Winship?
you only needed 51% preponderance of the evidence
What was the rule AFTER Winship?
there had to be beyond a reasonable doubt (99.9%)
How many jurisdictions have a seperate and detailed section of their juvenile court act dedicated exclusively to the processing of status offenders?
(2 have nothing)
(everyone else is mixed together)
must be habitual
(3-15 days missed within 90 period) varies by state
refusal to obey reasonable rules
(does not have to be habitual)
may or may not include school disobediance
Running away from home
Number/Length of departures & duration is not universally specified
Ways a status offender can be disqualified from committing a delinquency offense:
age, coerced, offense, mental state
juvenile court elevates a status offender to delinquent status as a result of court order violations
What determines the jurisdiction of Juvenile Courts?
When is federal law involved in juveniles?
only when there is a substantial federal interest
When are Juvenile Court Masters utilized?
in populous areas with large number of cases (take lower level cases)
families deal with ONE judge and court that knows all the history and issues
multiple courts and judges involved with ONE family, judges communicate so all info is shared
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