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30 terms

Chapter 20- Skin Diseases & Disorders

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The signs of aging are influenced by factors such as the sun, health habits, lifestyle, &:
Heredity.
The percentage of skin aging that is caused by the rays of the sun is approximately:
80 to 85 percent.
The UV rays of the sun reach the skin in two different forms, which are:
UVA & UVB rays.
The UVA rays that are deep-penetrating & can go through a glass window are:
Aging rays.
Wrinkling & sagging of the skin are caused by weakening collagen fibers &:
Elastin fibers.
UVB rays contribute to the body's synthesis of vitamin D & other important:
Minerals.
Daily moisturizers or protective lotions should have a sunscreen with an SPF of at least:
15.
The American Cancer Society checklist used to recognize skin cancer is:
Asymmetry, border, color, diameter.
A salon should not service a client who is suffering from a(n):
Inflamed skin disorder.
A small circumscribed elevation of the skin that contain no fluid but may develop pus is a:
Papule.
An abnormal cell mass resulting from excessive multiplication of cells & varying in size, shape, & color is a:
Tumor.
A crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis is a:
Fissure.
Keratin-filled cysts that appear just under the epidermis & have no visible openings are:
Milia.
Any thin plate of dry or oily epidermal flakes in the scalp area is referred to as:
Dandruff.
Sebum from a comedo exposed to the environment turns black &:
Oxidizes.
Comedones should be removed under aseptic conditions using proper:
Extraction procedures.
A chronic skin condition characterized by inflammation of the sebaceous glands is:
Acne.
An inflammation of the sebaceous glands characterized by dry or oily crusting or itchiness is:
Seborriheic dermatitis.
A dry, scaly skin condition due to a deficiency or absence of sebum caused by old age or exposure to the cold is:
Asteatosis.
A disorder of the sweat gland caused by excessive exposure to the heat is:
Miliaria rubra.
A painful itching skin disease with dry or moist lesions that a physician needs to treat is:
Eczema.
A contagious recurring viral infection charactrerized by blisters on the lips or nostrils is:
Herpes simplex.
The medical term for abnormal skin inflammation is:
Dermatitis.
Prolonged or repeated direct skin contact with chemicals has the potential to cause:
Allergic reactions.
The chemicals released by the immune system to enlarge the vessels around an injury are:
Histamines.
Surprisingly, a very common salon irritant is:
Tap water.
Abnormal brown or wine-colored skin discoloration with a circular & irregular shape is a:
Stain.
The absence of melanin pigment from the body & skin sensitivity to light are signs of:
Albinism.
A spot or blemish spot on the skin that requires medical attention if there is a change is a:
Mole.
The most common type of skin cancer characterized by light or pearly nodule is:
Basal cell carcinoma.