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PLTW - CIM Sem.1 Review
Review for the Computer Integrated Manufacturing semester exam.
Terms in this set (22)
The use of technology to ease human labor or extend the mental or physical capabilities of humans.
A system that uses feedback from the output to control the input.
A system in which one or more outputs are forced to change in a desired manner as time progresses.
The diamond-shaped block used for YES/NO questions. These blocks have two outputs: 1 (for yes) and 2 (for no).
A graphical representation of the progress of a system for the definition, analysis, or solution of a data-processing or manufacturing problem.
The connecting line or arrow between symbols on a flow chart.
A function that makes information available for processing or that records processed information.
The connection between the computer and the control system.
Process flow that may repeat or skip steps until some condition is satisfied.
A control system that has no means for comparing the output with input for control purposes. Often requires human intervention.
A variable resistor.
Part of a flowchart that tells the program what action to take.
A diagram that uses special symbols in place of actual pictures. In a wiring schematic, for example, a squiggly line is used to represent a resistor.
Occurring in regular succession without gaps.
A representation of a situation or problem with a similar but simpler model or a more easily manipulated model in order to determine experimental results.
A periodic cost that remains (more or less) unchanged irrespective of the output level or sales revenue of a firm.
Non-Value Added (NVA)
Typically generates a zero or negative return on the investment of resources and usually can be eliminated without impairing a process.
The general, fixed cost of running a business, such as rent, lighting, and heating expenses, which cannot be charged or attributed to a specific product or part of the work operation.
The monetary surplus left to a producer or employer after deducting wages, rent, cost of raw materials, etc.
Basic substance in its natural, modified, or semi-processed state, used as an input to a production process for subsequent modification or transformation into a finished good.
The difference between the price at which goods are sold and the cost of the materials used to make them.
Periodic cost that varies, more or less, in step with the output or the sales revenue of a firm. Such costs include raw material, energy usage, labor (wages), distribution costs, etc.
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