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Psych Exam one Review
Terms in this set (50)
What is Psychological Science?
Study, thru research of mind, brain and behavior.
A fundamental psychological issue; are mind and body separate and distinct, or is the mind simply the physical brain's subjective experience?
Whether genetics or environment is responsible for driving behavior
Evolution & Psychology
the human mind has been shaped by evolution, our brain has changed over time due to our ancestors' problems
behavior in response to environmental stimuli
John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner
Describe how councils mind aids adaption to an environment.
William James and Charles Darwin
Explore internal mental processes that influence behavior.
Cognitive Psychology Founders
George Miller and Ulric Neisser
Study subjective perceptions as a unified whole.
Max Weirtheimer and Wolfgang Kohler
The diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on the evidence derived from their work.
An empirical method of acquiring knowledge that has characterized the development of science since at least the 17th century.
Explanation of an aspect of the natural world that can be repeatedly tested and verified in accordance with the scientific method, using accepted protocols of observation, measurement and evolution of results.
Description, prediction and explanation/understanding.
include case studies, surveys and naturalistic observation. Goal is to get a picture of current thoughts, feelings or behaviors in a group.
A preliminary way to gather information about a topic or in situations where performing an experiment is not possible...looking at relationships between two or more variables.
The way participants are allocated to experimental groups of an investigation.
A systematic way to collect data by observing people in natural situations or settings.
Case Studies: Descriptive Research
Intense examination of unusual people or organizations.
When it is impossible or unethical to manipulate variables
Lack of insurance that a patient, client and research participants are aware of all the potential risks and costs involved in a treatment or procedure
Confidentiality (nothing being shared with orders) and anonymity (researchers don't collect identifying info)
Researchers might mislead the participants about the study's goals or not fully reveal what will take place.
Study's results are due to independent variable rather than confounds
Extent to which we can generalize findings to real-world settings, other people or situations.
Examine the relationship between 2 variables in the real world, describe and predict
Numerical data that allows one to generalize- to infer from sample data the probability of something being true of a population
Statistical procedures used to describe characteristics and responses of groups of subjects
the detailed study of the shape and size of the cranium as a supposed indication of character and mental abilities
An amplified recording of the waves of electrical activity that sweep across the brain's surface. These waves are measured by electrodes placed on the scalp.
measures brains metabolic activity, enables researchers to find most active brain areas.
a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images inside body.
Measures brain activity by detecting changes associated with blood flow.
Magnetic field manipulates brain activity in specific brain region.
Allows use to separate genetic vs environmental influences, on a particular behavioral trait.
Organism's genetic makeup, never changes
Observable physical characteristics/behavior trains, always changing
Allows us to separate genetic vs environmental influences, on a particular behavioral trait.
quasi experiment-empirical interventional study used to estimate the casual impact of an intervention on target population without random assignment.
the brain's ability to change, especially during childhood, by reorganizing after damage or by building new pathways based on experience
Perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists (Parietal lobe)
Larger hippocampus, only found in part associated w spatial memory
Surgical removal of an entire cerebral hemisphere, remaining hemisphere takes on function of missing one
Systematically evaluation info to reach a conclusion that is supported by evidence
Selectively searching for info that supports pre-existing beliefs
A surprising co-occurence; leads to superstitions..ex: "Lucky socks"
tendency to remember only facts or events that fit pre-existing beliefs
the tendency to estimate the likelihood that an event will occur by how easily instances of it come to mind
Recommended textbook explanations
Carolyn Seefer, Mary Ellen Guffey
Richard A. Kasschau
David Barlow, V Durand
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
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