24 terms

The American Revolution


Terms in this set (...)

an action taken to isolate an enemy and cut off its supplies
a colonist who remained loyal to Great Britain and the king
A person who supported the colonists during the American Revolution
Battle of Long Island
August 1776- Washington tries to drive British out of NYC, Americans slaughtered, but it was foggy so Americans evacuated to Philadelphia (to protect 2nd Cont. Congress)
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Delaware River. The next morning, they surprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians.
Battle of Princeton
A week after the Battle at Trenton, Washington left a few men to tend some campfires and fool the enemy again. He quietly marched his army to Princeton, where they suprised and beat a British force. New Jersey turned Patriot. This battle helped the American morale.
Battle of Saratoga
Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Valley Forge
Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778, a 4th of troops died here from disease and malnutriton, Steuben comes and trains troops
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty signed in 1783 that officially ended the American Revolution. Great Britain recognized the United States as an Independent country.
George Washington
Virginian, patriot, general, and president. Lived at Mount Vernon. Led the Revolutionary Army in the fight for independence. First President of the United States.
German soldiers hired by king George to smash Colonial rebellion, proved good in mechanical sense but they were more concerned about money than duty.
William Howe
British General who drove the Continental Army off of Long Island; in other battles forced the Continental Army to retreat as revenge for his defeat in Boston
Nathan Hale
a soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British, famous quote:, "i only regret that i have but one life to lose for my country"
Benedict Arnold
United States general and traitor in the American Revolution
Horatio Gates
Defeated General Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga.
Marquis de Lafayette
French soldier who joined General Washington's staff and became a general in the Continental Army.
Casimir Pulaski
Polish-American soldier. Known as father of American cavalry. Became general in Washington's army. Saved the life of Washington once and died in battle of Savannah. Trained men in cavalry tactics.
Friedrich von Steubon
Prussian Drill Master, Trained continental army, Helped at Valley Forge
George Rogers Clark
Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America
John Paul Jones
American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight."
Charles Cornwallis
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown in 1781, ending the American Revolution.
Francois de Grasse
He is best known for his command of the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake, which led directly to the British surrender at Yorktown.
Comte de Rochambeau
French general who commanded French troops in the American Revolution, notably at Yorktown (1725-1807)