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humanities test 2
Terms in this set (48)
A powerful Greek miliary polis that was often at war with Athens. Used slaves known as helots to provide agricultural labor.
A series of wars between the Greeks (mainly Athens) and the Persians in which the Greeks were usually victorious.
(431-404 BCE) The war between Athens and Sparta that in which Sparta won, but left Greece as a whole weak and ready to fall to its neighbors to the north.
Time between the Persian Wars and the Peloponnesian War in which Athens became a cultural center. The Pantheon was built, Direct Democracy established, and trade flourished
Athenian Golden Age
Ruler of Athens who zealously sought to spread Athenian democracy through imperial force
A large temple dedicated to the goddess Athena on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece. It was built in the 5th century BCE, during the Athenian golden age.
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Alexander the Great
was one of the successor kings to the empire of alexander the great. he served not only as king of egypt but also the founder of ptolemaic dynasty.
ptolemy I of egypt
(or Jupiter as the romans called him) was a greek god
God of the sky
ruler of all gods on mount olympus
son of Zeus....one of the twelve olympians
God of healing, medicine, and archery, and of music and poetry.
Goddess of love and beauty. Roman goddess Venus. famous for being the most beautiful
Daughter of Zeus....Goddess of wisdom and war.
Roman Name: Neptune
Symbols: dolphin, horses, trident
Realm: god of the sea, horses and earthquakes.
bad tempered, greedy
Mercury, messenger of the gods
god of the shepherds, land travel, and literature.
Queen of the Gods (wife and sister of Zeus) goddess of marriage.
goddess of hunting, wild nature, and chastity. daughter of zeus.
last olympian god. god of wine, vegetation, pleasure, fertility, madness and wild frenzy.
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
A kingdom that was destroyed by the Greeks in the Trojan War. It is located on the western coast of Asia Minor
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Helen's abduction from Sparta by the Trojans sparked the Trojan War. Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father.
(Alexandros) important person in the trojan war, and homers illiad. he was left to die in the wilderness.
leading king of the Greek forces in the trojan war.
Greatest Greek warrior, husband of Briseis whom Agamemnon steals, only vulnerable place is his heel, prophecy that he would die in the Trojan war, which he does at the hand of Paris
a legendary Greek king of Ithaca and the hero of Homer's epic poem the Odyssey
(born ca. 612 B.C.E.) One of the great poets of the ancient Greeks; her poetry developed the complexities of the inner workings of human beings and love.
father of tragedy. wrote tragedies, most famous were agmemnon, the libation bearers, and the eumenides.
son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra who eventually avenged his father's murder by killing Aegisthus
Greek writer of tragedies; author of Oedipus Rex
a tragic king of Thebes who unknowingly killed his father Laius and married his mother Jocasta
Greek Historian, considered the father of History. He came from a Greek community in Anatolia and traveled extensively, collecting information in western Asia and the Mediterranean lands.
ancient Greek historian remembered for his history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)
"Father of Western Philosophy". Greek philosopher who taught that the universe had originated from water and predicted the solar eclipse
father of astronomy. early Greek naturalist who advocated spontaneous generation as the origin of life
A Greek philosopher and mathematician, this man was credited with the discovery that numbers are useful for more than counting physical things. Known best for the proof of the important pythagorean theorem.
Athenian men who opened schools for boys to study government, mathematics, ethics, and rhetoric
credited with laying the fundamentals of western philosophy. Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior.
(430-347 BCE) Was a disciple of Socrates whose cornerstone of thought was his theory of Forms, in which there was another world of perfection.
"the first teacher" A Greek Philosopher, taught Alexander the Great, started a famous school, studied with Plato
teacher, Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)
An ancient Greek philosophy that became popular amongst many notable Romans. Emphasis on ethics. They considered destructive emotions to be the result of errors in judgment, and that a wise person would repress emotions, especially negative ones and that "virtue is sufficient for happiness." They were also concerned with the conflict between free will and determinism. They were also non-dualists and naturalists.
greek cynical philosopher....looking for an honest man and couldn't find him
Diogenes the Cynic
Greek scientist who first stated that the Earth revolved around the Sun, and rotated on its axis.
Father of Geography, Greek astronomer and geographer - determined the circumference of the globe using Euclid's geometry
He believed that the Earth was at the center of the Universe, and that the sun and other planets revolved around the Earth.
(circa 300 BCE), Greek mathematician. Considered to be the father of modern geomertry.
(287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
"Founder of Medicine" During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.
wrote medical encyclopedia. Greek surgeon of the Roman Empire, he described heart valves and studied arteries and veins. sums up greek medicine
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