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AP United States History AMSCO Review Unit 2

AP United States History AMSCO Review Unit 2
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Thomas Jefferson
President who got Louisiana Purchase, eliminated excise taxes, limited central government
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Led slave revolt in Haiti
John Marshall
Had major influence on supreme court actions and strengthened federal government; judicial review
Marbury vs Madison
Supreme court case that established judicial review
Aaron Burr
Conspired against Jefferson to secede the New England States from the Union, killed Alexander Hamilton, and tried to take over Louisiana
Quids
members of the Democratic-Republicans that opposed Jefferson
Barbary Pirate Affair
Jefferson sends fleet to Tripoli to attack pirates to stop attacks on merchants
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
Under Jefferson a British warship fired on an American warship, sparking anti-British sentiments
Embargo Act
Act that prevented American merchants from trading with foreign powers; hurt American economy
James Madison
President faced with British and French impressment and eventually War of 1812
Macon's Bill
Bill that resulted in Napoleon deception
Tecumseh
Tried to unite all Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River
William Henry Harrison
General that put down Tecumseh's rebellion
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle that ended Tecumseh's rebellion
War Hawks
Wanted to fight British in War of 1812, not found in New England
Clay and Calhoun
Leaders of the War Hawks
Old Ironsides
The nickname for the warship called the Constitution that sunk a British ship in Nova Scotia, increasing moral
Battle of Lake Erie
Oliver Hazard Perry defeats Britain in the most important naval battle of the war
Andrew Jackson
Led troops in south during War of 1812
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
Battle where the important British ally the Creek Nation was defeated
Battle of New Orleans
Jackson defeats British in an impressive battle after the War of 1812 has already ended
Treaty of Ghent
Treaty that ended War of 1812, neither side achieved gains
Hartford Convention
New England Federalists make demands before war ends but avoid secession: discredited Federalists
Era of good feelings
Lasted from 1816-Panic of 1819, nationalism, optimism, goodwill
James Monroe
President known for acquisition of Florida, the Missouri Compromise, and the Monroe Doctrine
Tariff of 1816
First protective tariff in US history
Henry Clay
Creator of "American system" of economic growth in the 1810s
American System
Economic growth system consisting of protective tariffs, a national bank, and internal improvements
Panic of 1819
First major financial panic, unemployment, deflation
John Marshall
Supreme court chief justice who's rulings established judicial review and implied powers
Missouri Compromise
Missouri is slave state, Maine is free, no slavery above 30'
Rush-Bagot Agreement
Limited armies around British Canadian border
Treaty of 1818
Improved relations with Great Britian
Florida Purchase Treaty
Bought Florida after Andrew Jackson attacks it
Monroe Doctrine
Doctrine that stated that US would oppose European attempts to colonize the Americas
National Road, Lancaster Turnpike, Erie Canal
Transportation projects in the early 1800s
Robert Fulton
Invented the steamboat
Eli Whitney
Invented cotton gin and interchangeable parts
Samuel Slater
Founder of first factory in America
Lowell System
Textile factory system that made use of young farm women in company dormitories
Market Revolution
Specialization on the farm, growth of cities, and development of modern capitalism created this
Sectionalism
Loyalty to a particular region
Nativists
Group of people reacting mostly strongly against foreigners
Old Northwest
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota: west of Alleghenies
Nat Turner
Led a slave revolt in 1831