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delta paper 1 task 1 and 2

Terms in this set (146)

Word formation is the process by which new words are created out of elements of existing ones. There are various different types of word formation, the two most common in English being affixation and compounding. Affixation is the process of adding affixes (prefixes or suffixes) to the word root, e.g. delight --> delightful; important --> unimportant. Compounding is the joining together of two or more words to create a new word, which can be written either as one word, hyphenated, or as separate words, e.g. air + bag = airbag; daughter + in + law = daughter-in-law; post + office = post office.
Other types of word formation include:
• conversion - when a word changes its word class without any change of form - text (noun) becomes to text (verb)
• clipping - when a word is shortened - refrigerator becomes fridge, television becomes telly.
• acronyms - a shortened version of a word/phrase, usually made up of the first letters of each word - compact disc becomes CD; automatic teller machine becomes ATM
• blends - a blend is a word formed by joining parts of two words after clipping - smoke and fog becomes smog; breakfast and lunch becomes brunch; biography and picture becomes biopic
• reduplication - when the root or stem of word, or the whole word, is repeated exactly or with a slight change - walkie-talkie; bye-bye; night-night; zig zag; splish splash
calque - a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal or word-for-word translation - flea market is directly translated from the French marché aux puces