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Terms in this set (47)
A specific need or desire that arouses an organism and directs its behavior toward a goal is known as a(an) _____________.
What is the experience of feelings known as?
What is intrinsic motivation?
a desire to perform a behavior that stems from the enjoyment derived from the behavior itself
Who proposed a hierarchy of motives?
what is the most highly evolved motive?
What is the correct sequential order of the hierarchy of motives?
self-actualization, aesthetic needs, cognitive needs, esteem needs, belongness and love needs, safety and psychological needs (highest level -> lowest level)
______ motives deal with information about the environment in general
the study of psychological and physical changes from birth through old age is ______.
hierarchy of motives
process of learning to cope and react in an emotionally appropriate way
The most influential view of children's cognitive development is that of ____________.
What is the correct order for Piaget's four stages of cognitive development?
sensory-motor, proportional, concrete-operational, formal-operations
adolescence is the __________.
period of life roughly between ages 10 and 20, when a person is transformed from a child into an adult
what is the definition of personality?
An individual's unique pattern of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that persist over time and across situations.
Freud believed that psychic energy came from _________.
the personality structure that is completely unconscious is the ____.
The id's link to reality is called the ___________.
what did Jung call the persona?
Our public self, the mask we wear to represent ourselves to others
how many stages of human development did Erikson outline?
According to Erikson's theory, what is the main task a newborn should accomplish?
According to Erikson, success in each of the life stages depends on _________________.
The body's reaction to a difficult situation that disrupts a person's normal functioning and state of well-being is _________.
what is a stressor?
Any environmental demand that creates a state of tension or threat and requires change or adaptation.
The necessity to choose between two incompatible needs, demands, opportunities, or goals is ________.
What is approach/approach conflict?
According to Lewin, the result of simultaneous attraction to two appealing possibilities, neither of which has any negative qualities
What is approach/avoidance conflict?
According to Lewin, the result of being simultaneously attracted to and repelled by the same goal.
The psychoanalytic model holds that abnormal behavior problems can be traced to _________.
Mood disorders can be characterized by __________.
a serious change in mood that cause disruption to life activities
What is a mood disorder that includes both depression and mania?
What is the most common mood disorder?
Psychoanalysis was a therapy technique designed by _________.
Psychoanalysis is a type of __________ therapy.
Client-centered therapy is a type of __________ therapy
Beck's cognitive therapy is most similar to _______________.
Therapy that depends on identifying and changing inappropriately negative and self-critical patterns of thought is ________________.
beck's theory/therapy or cognitive therapies
Group therapy is a type of psychotherapy ___________.
In which clients meet regularly to interact and help one another achieve insight into their feelings and behavior
what is social psychology?
The scientific study of ways in which the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of one individual are influenced by the real, imagined, or inferred behavior or characteristics of other people
what is social cognition?
Knowledge and understand concerning the social world and the people in it (including oneself).
Cognitive social psychologists call ready-made categories concerning people _________.
what is a self-fulfilling prophecy?
The process in which a person's expectation about other elicits behavior from the second person that confirms the expectation
A relatively stable organization of beliefs, feelings, and behavior tendencies toward something or someone else is a(an) ____________.
What are the three major components of attitudes?
beliefs, feelings, and behavior tendencies
The tendency for an individual to observe a situation for cues about how he or she should react is called ____________.
what is social influence?
The process by which others individually or collectively affect one's perceptions, attitudes, and action
A shared idea or expectation of how one should behave in various situations is called a _______.
A change in behavior is response to unspoken social norms _________________.
A change in behavior in response to the explicit request of someone else _______________.
__________ is compliance with a command.
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