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42 terms

special senses

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Pain
Name a general sense that uses nociceptors to sense tissue damage
Taste
Name a special sense that uses chemoreceptors for gustation
Static equilibrium
Name a special sense, located in the vestibule of the inner ear, that uses hair cells in the saccule and utricle.
Hearing
Name a special sense, located in the cochlea, that uses mechanoreceptors called hair cells, in the organ of corti.
Vision
Name a special sense that use photo receptors.
Dynamic equilibrium
Name a special sense, located in the inner ear that uses hair cells in ampullae of the semicircular canals.
Touch
Name a general sense that uses mechanoreceptors.
Vestibulocochlear
Name a cranial nerve that leaves the temporal bone to pass into the temporal lobe of the cerebrum.
Organ of corti
Name a structure, containing hair cells, that is located on the basilar membrane in the cochlear duct of the inner ear.
Malleus
Name the auditory ossicle that connects to the tympanic membrane.
Stapes
Name the auditory ossicle that connects to the oval window of the inner ear.
Tympanic membrane
Name the structure at the end of the external auditory meatus.
Incus
Name the auditory ossicle located between the malleus and stapes
Internal auditory meatus
Name the opening through which Cranial Nerve VIII leaves the temporal bone to pass to the brain
Saccule and utricle
Name the two parts of the vestibule that has receptors for static equilibrium
Semi-circular canal
Name the parts of the inner ear that contain receptors for dynamic equilibrium
External
The external auditory ( acoustic) meatus is part of the_____________ ear
Middle
The auditory ossicle are part of the______________ ear
Inner
The cochlea, vestibule, and semi- circular canals are part of the_______________ ear
Eustacian tube
Name the part of the ear that is located between the pharynx and the middle ear.
External
The pinna is part of the_________________ear
Middle
The incus is part of the __________________ear
Inner
The basilar membrane of the Organ of Corti is part of the_____________ear
Circumvalate papillae
Taste hairs in taste pores on the tongue are actually microvilli and are located on what structures of the tongue
Olfactory
Which sense receptors are associated with the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone
Choroid coat/ tunic
The cillary body is part of ___________/_______ ________ of the eye.
Slow
Dull, aching sensation, carried on unmyelinated fibers is.
Fast
Prickly, sharp sensation, carried on myelinated fibers is ____________pain
Adaptation
A phenomenon in which sensation seem to decrease over time is
Referred
Pain that seems to come from part of the body not being sttimulated is____________ pain
Accommodation
A process that allows for the eye's focusing on distant or on nearby objects is
Neural
What coat ( tunic) of the eye is associated with the retina
Sclera
What coat ( tunic) of the eye is the fibrous tunic
Choroid
What coat ( tunic) of the eye is the vascular tunic
Posterior cavity
The vitreous humor is located in the
Anterior cavity
The aqueous humor is located in the
Glaucoma
The disease resulting from impaired reabsorption of aqueous humor is
Rods
Photoreceptors for low light stimulations are
Cones
Photoreceptors for sharp, color sensation are
Fovea centralis of the Macula lutea
The area on the retina with the greatest concentration of cones is the _____________of the_______________
Optic disc
The blind spot results from there being no receptors in the.
Optic chiasm
Some optic nerve fibers cross at the