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an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties
an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences- and the therapist's interpretations of them- released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
in psychoanalysis, the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors in order to promote insight
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other realationships
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth
empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies. a feature of Rogers' client-centered therapy
a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning. includes systematic desensitization and aversive conditioning
behavioral techniques, such a s systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination ro actuality) to the things they fear and avoid
a type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli; commonly used to treat phobias
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
an operant conditioning procedure that rewards desired behavior. a patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges or treats
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy (changing self-defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family members toward positive relationships and improved communication
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
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