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24 terms

Ch 20. TEST

STUDY
PLAY
A decrease in the glomerular hydrostatic pressure of a glomerular capsule will _____ the rate of glomerular filtration
decrease
an increased in urine volume is termed...
diuresis
A renal corpuscle includes the
glomerulus and glomerular capsule.
Once in the glomerulus, the filtrate moves into the
renule tubule
the efferent arteriole supplies blood to the capillary of the glomerulus?
FALSE
ADH increases absorption of water from urine into blood by increasing the permeability of the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts.
TRUE
Athletes might abuse which of the following chemicals made in the urinary system to improve performance by increasing red blood cell production?
Erythropoietin (EPO)
a nephron consists of
a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule
In the disease gout, plasma has excess
uric acid
Aldosterone from the adrenal cortex causes sodium ions to be
conserved & water to be conserved
the layers of the ureter are?
fibrous coat, muscular coat, & mucosa
The countercurrent mechanism functions primarily in the
nephron loop
diuretic
increase the flow of urine, which causes the body to get rid of excess water
The organs of the urinary system are
paired kidneys, paired ureters, a bladder and a urethra.
The reabsorption of glucose occurs primarily through the walls of the
proximal convoluted tubule
A nephron consists of
a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule.
what would increase the rate of glomerular filtration?
tubular secreation
hemodialysis
artificial kidney
cells in the _____ produce ADH
posterior pituitary
water is reabsorbed throughout the length of the of the renal tubule by the process of _____
osmosis
understand why women get urinary tract infections.
the urethral passageway is shorter.
what is the tube that conveys urine outside the body?
urethra
most hydrogen ions are secreted
throughout the entire renal tubule.
Hydrogen ions regulate
the pH of body fluids