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A cartoon featuring Rockefeller is accompanied by analytical questions. In the cartoon, Rockefeller holds the White House in his hand. Money bags and government officials peak out from the base of the building. In the background, smokestacks from Capitol building and treasury department release dark plumes of smoke. The Capitol building is labeled, How are the Capitol and Treasury depicted? The White House is labeled, What is Rockefeller holding in his hand? Rockefeller is labeled, How does this illustration of Rockefeller emphasize the cartoonist's antitrust position? Text for the cartoon reads, What does this cartoon suggest about the relationship between big business and the federal government at the start of the twentieth century?
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In what ways does the illustration critique the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890?

A. The illustration depicts government having too much control over private industry. The illustration does not contain any imagery that suggests too much government control.

B. The illustration depicts a disconnect between government and industry. The illustration contains many images showing a strong connection between government and business.

C. The illustration is critical of the women's movement and its effect on industry. There is nothing in the image critical of the women's movement.

*D. The illustration is critical of corporate influence in government. The illustration depicts several images that imply the government is controlled by industry.

Topic: Laissez-Faire, Social Darwinism, and Their Critics
books:
The Doctrine of Success
Challenges to Laissez-Faire
The front cover of the magazine titled The Delineator shows a well-dressed woman playing golf. In the image foreground, a woman aims her golf club while wearing a feathered hat with her hair in a bun, a long-sleeved blouse, and an ankle-length skirt. A man holding a golf bag is in the background. Text above the image reads, In guise of summer.

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Refer to the image Alice Austen and Trude Eccleston, 1891

A photo of two women titled Alice Austen and Trude Eccleston, 1891. The two women wear tights and loose, knee-length dresses, with their hair let down. Standing on a stage, each has a cigarette in their mouth while one lights the other's with the lit end. Accompanying questions are as follows, 1, What does the clothing and activity of the woman on the cover of The Delineator suggest about her background? 2, Compare the image of Austen and her friend with the magazine's cover woman. What norms of female behavior are they contesting? Put It in Context, What social and political trends during the late nineteenth century gave middle-class women increased opportunities to express themselves?

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Which of the following statements accurately describes the differences in the depiction of women in the two pictures?

*A. The Delineator picture is an advertiser's attempt to sell an image of a middle-class mother, while the Austen and Eccleston image is an attempt to present an alternative identity for women. The Delineator picture shows a woman dressed in designer clothes with a child in tow, while the Austen/Eccleston image shows two women smoking in a bedroom in nightclothes.

B. Both images are an attempt to convince women to embrace the new consumer culture. While the Delineator picture promotes consumerism, the Austen/Eccleston image does not; this answer does not explain any difference.

C. The Delineator picture promotes single mothers, while the Austen/Eccleston image promotes marriage equality for women. There is not enough information in either image to draw these conclusions.

D. The Delineator picture depicts a woman who is much happier than the women in the Austen/Eccleston image. There is not enough information in either image to draw these conclusions.
A map of the United States shows the states that was granted full, partial, and no women's suffrage by 1918. Full women's suffrage before 1900: Idaho in 1896, Utah in 1870 under territorial government and in 1896 under state government, Wyoming in 1869 under territorial government and in 1890 under state government, and Colorado in 1893. Full women's suffrage between 1900 and 1918: Washington in 1910, Oregon in 1912, California in 1991, Nevada in 1914, Alaska in 1913, Arizona in 1912, Montana in 1914, South Dakota in 1918, Kansas in 1912, Oklahoma in 1918, Michigan in 1918, and New York in 1917. Partial women's suffrage by 1918: North Dakota, Nebraska, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Tennessee, and Maine. No women's suffrage by 1918: New Mexico, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Kentucky, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont.
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Where, according to the map, did women's rights movements have their earliest successes?

A. The Northeast Few states in the Northeast granted women the right to vote before 1918.

B. The Middle Atlantic All states in the Middle Atlantic denied women the right to vote until 1918.

C. The Midwest While many midwestern states granted women the right to vote before 1918, few granted full suffrage.

*D. The West All western states granted women full voting rights before 1918.
Two maps show the advancement of U S troops into Philippines and Cuba. The Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico were Spanish possessions. In the Philippine theater, Dewey's fleet from Hong Kong landed in Manila. Spanish fleets were destroyed south of Manila on May 1, 1898. Manila surrendered on August 13, 1898. In the Cuban theater, the U S S Maine was sunk in Havana in February 1898. The U S fleet circled Cuba and moved toward Santiago in southeastern Cuba, and the U S army advanced from Tampa along the northern Cuban coast toward Santiago, and the Spanish fleet from the east reached Santiago. The U S Naval blockade was south of Santiago. The U S army won the battle at San Juan Hill on July 1, 1898 and then moved toward Santiago through Kettle Hill, and the Spanish fleet from Santiago was destroyed near the coast by the U S on July 3, 1898.
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What were the similarities between the Cuban and Philippine theaters of war?

A. In both theaters, American air power was the decisive factor. Aircraft were not used in either theater.

B. In both theaters, Americans relied on chemical weapons to win the battles. Americans did not use chemical weapons in either theater.

*C. In both theaters, American naval power was the decisive factor. Admiral Dewey's fleet led the United States to victory in both theaters.

D. American naval power was not a factor in either theater of war. As evidenced by the sea routes on the maps, American naval power was a significant factor.
A. The plan increased the size of Germany's payments to Britain and France, forcing the United States to accept less than the full amount of loan repayments Germany. The plan did not include direct payments from Germany to the United States, nor was Germany forced to increase the size of its payments to Britain and France.

*B. The plan resulted in a series of circular payments in which American money was used to help Germany repay Britain and France, which then used the reparations to repay the United States. Europeans were essentially repaying their debt to the United States with the United States' own money. This revolving-door solution put American bankers at the mercy of unstable European economies and added to the cycle of spiraling credit already in existence in the United States.

C. The plan increased the tariff rate on European imports to the United States, decreasing manufacturers' revenue and ultimately making it more difficult for countries to pay off their debts. Import tariffs were high in the 1920s, but these high tariffs were not introduced by the international agreement. Republican administrations in the United States supported the high tariffs on imports.

D. The plan caused the United States to take over Germany's war reparations, which prevented the United States from repaying its debts to Britain and France. The United States loaned money to Germany so it could repay its own war debts. The United States did not owe money to Britain and France after World War I; in fact, European countries owed the United States $11 billion they had borrowed to fund their war efforts.
A map of the United States shows the results of the 1924 U S presidential elections. The Republican candidate Calvin Coolidge won 382 electoral votes, 15,725,016 popular votes, and 54 point 0 percent of popular votes. The Democrat candidate John W Davis won 136 electoral votes, 8,386,503 popular votes, and 28 point 8 percent of popular votes. The Progressive candidate Robert M La Follette won 13 electoral votes, 4,822,856 popular votes, and 16 point 6 percent of popular votes. The votes by state for the Republicans are as follows. Washington: 7, Oregon: 5, California: 13, Idaho: 4, Nevada: 3, Montana: 4, Wyoming: 3, Utah: 4, Colorado: 6, New Mexico: 3, Arizona: 3, North Dakota: 5, South Dakota: 5, Nebraska: 10, Kansas: 10, Minnesota: 12, Iowa: 13, Missouri: 18, Illinois: 29, Michigan: 15, Indiana: 15, Ohio: 24, Kentucky: 13, West Virginia: 8, Maryland: 8, Delaware: 3, Pennsylvania: 38, New York: 45, New Jersey: 14, Connecticut: 7, Rhode Island: 5, Massachusetts: 18, Vermont: 4, New Hampshire: 4, and Maine: 6. The votes by state for the Democrats are as follows. Texas: 20, Oklahoma: 10, Arkansas: 9, Louisiana: 10, Tennessee: 12, Mississippi: 10, Alabama: 12, Georgia: 14, Florida: 6, South Carolina: 9, North Carolina: 12, and Virginia: 12. The votes by state for Progressive party is as follows. Wisconsin: 13.
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What does the map indicate about the relative strength of political parties in 1924?

A. The Republican Party had more support in the South than the Democrats did. The Republican Party did not fare well in the South.

*B. The Democratic Party had become the party of Southerners by 1924. As the map shows, the only states that voted Democrat were in the South.

C. Progressives still wielded tremendous influence, despite not winning the election. The Progressive candidate only managed to win one state.

D. The political parties' support was not divided by region. As the map shows, the partisan divide in the country was regional.