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Caroline Drug list # 1

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G: Chlorpheniramine
B: ChlorTrimeton
Antihistamine
Chlorpheniramine
ChlorTrimeton
PO, OTC
G: Diphenhydramine
B: Benadryl
Antihistamine
Diphenhydramine
Benadryl
PO,OTC
G:Clemastine
B: Travist
Antihistamine
Clemastine
Tavist
PO, OTC
G:Promethazine
B: Phenergan
Antiistamine
Promethazine
Phenergan
PO, Injectable, Suppository
nausea
G:Cetirizine
B: Zyrtec
Antihistamine
Certirizine
Zyrtec
PO, OTC
G: Lortadine
B: Claritin
Antihistamine
Lortadine
Claritin
PO, OTC
G: Fexofenadine
B: Allegra
Antihistamine
Fexofenadine
Allegra
PO, OTC
Antihistamines
Treats:runny nose, itching, vertigo, and vomiting
H1 antihistamines
Used for allergy symptoms
H2 antihistamines
stomach acid suppression
G: Pseudoephedrine
B: Sudafed
Decongestant
Pseudoephedrine
Sudafed
PO
G: Phenylephrine
B: NeoSynephrine
Decongestant
Phenylephrine
NeoSynephrine
PO, nasal solution
G:Naphazoline
B: Privine
Decongestant
Naphazoline
Privine
Nasal Solution
G: Oxymetazoline
B: Afrin
Decongestant
Oxymetazoline
Afrin
Nasal Solution
Decongestants
Do not use in patients that have severe hypertension and/or CV disease
Do not use topical nasal decongestants for more than 3 days, due to development of rebound congestion
G: Codeine
B: None
Narcotic
Antitussive
G: Dextrompethorphan
B: Delsym
Non-narcotic
Antitussive
G: Diphenhydramine
B: Diphen
non-narcotic
Antitussive
Antitussive
Do not crush or chew Benzonatate due to anesthesia of the mouth and throat which could lead to trouble breathing
G:Amphotericin B
B: Fungizone
Antifungal
Amphotericin B
Fungizone
Injection
G: Nystatin
B: Mycostatin (yeast)
Antifungal
Nystatin
Mycostatin
PO, topical
G: Ketoconazole
B:Nizoral
Antifungal
Ketoconzole
Nizoral
PO, Topical
G: Fluconazole
B: Diflucan (yeast)
Antifungal
Fluconazole
Diflucan
PO, injection
G: Intraconazole
B :Sporanox
Antifungal
Intraconazole
Sporanox
PO, injection
G:Terbinafine
B: Lamisil (Athlete's foot)
Antifungal
Terbinafine
Lamisil
PO
G:Acyclovir
B: Zovirax
Antiviral
Acyclovir
Zoviax
PO, injection, topical
G: Famciclovir
B: Famvir
Antiviral
Famciclovir
Famvir
PO
G:Valacyclovir
B: Valtrex
Antiviral
Valacyclovir
Valtrex
PO
HIV drugs
NRTI, NNRTI, PI, non-nucleocide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
G:Quinine
B: Qualaquin
Antimalarial
Quinine
Qualaquin
PO
Penacillin
Penacillin and cephalosporins are the most popular for gram negative and gram positive bacteria.
Penicillin
Shake well and refridgerate
Pregnancy catergory B
Adverse reactions- diarrhea and hypersensitivity
Amoxicillin 2gm taken 1 hr before dentist appointment in patient with heart valve replacement
G: Penicillin B
B: Bicillin LA, CR
Penicillin
Penicillin B
Bicillin
IM, IV
G: Penicillin V
B: PenVeek, Veetids
Penicillin
Penicillin V
PenVeek
PO
G: Amoxicillin
B: Amoxcil, Trimox
Penicillin
Amoxicillin
Amoxcil
PO
G: Amoxicillin/Clavulante
B: Augmentin
Penicillin
Clavulante
Augmentin
PO
G:Ampicillin
B: Principen
Penicillin
Ampicillin
Principen
PO,IV
Cephalosporins
Given to people with PCN allergy
Pregnancy Cat B
less affected by stomach acid
3-7% cross-sensitivity in pt. with PCN allergy
G: Cephalexin
B: Keflex
Cephalosporin
Cephalexin
Keflex
PO
G: Cefaclor
B: Ceclor
Cephalosporin
Cefaclor
Ceclor
PO
G: Cefadroxil
B: Duricef
Cephalosporin
Cefadroxil
Duricef
PO
G: Cefazolin
B: Ancef
Cephalosporin
Cefazolin
Ancef
IM, IV
Fluoroquinolones
Pregnancy Cat C
Broad spectrum
can cause photoxicity reactions
Contraindicated in children
G: Ciprofloxacin
B: Cipro
Fluroquinolones
Ciprofloxacin
Cipro
PO, injection
G: Gatifloxacin
B: Tequin
Fluroquinolones
Gatifloxacin
Tequin
PO
G: Levofloxacin
B: Levaquin
Fluroquinolones
Levefloxacin
Levaquin
Po, injection
G: Ofloxacin
B: Floxin
Fluoroquinolones
Ofloxacin
Floxin
PO
Tetracyclines
Pregnancy Cat D
Photosensitivity
Do not give to children-possible tooth discoloration
Do not take with dairy products
Take on an empty stomach
Acne treatment
G: Tetracycline
B: Sumycin
Tetracycline
Tetracycline
Sumycin
PO
G: Doxycycline
B: Vibramycine
Tetracycline
Doxycycline
Vibramycine
PO
G: Minocycline
B: Minocin
Tetracycline
Minocycline
Minocin
PO
Macrolides
Do not confuse with aminoglycosides
Pregnancy Cat B- Azithromycin and Erythromycin
Pregnancy Sat C- Clarithromycin
Alternate antibiotic for patient with PCN allergy
Biaxin can cause metallic taste
Zithromax do not take with antacids
G: Clarithromycin
B: Biaxin
Macrolides
Clarithomycin
Biaxin
PO
G:Azithromycin
B: Zithromax
Macrolides
Azithromycin
Zithromax
PO
Aminoglycosides
strongest
almost all IV
Must monitor levels due to otoxicity and nephrotoxicity
G: Gentamicin
B: Garamycin
Aminoglycoside
Gentamicin
Garamycin
injection
G: Tobramycin
B: Nebcin
Aminoglycoside
Tobramycin
Nebcin
Injection
G: Neomycin
B: NONE
Aminoglycoside
Neomycin
PO
Sulfonamides
Pregnancy Cat C
Primarily used to treat UTI
Cause photosensitivity and hypersensitivity reactions
Patient with sulfa allergies should not take
Containdicated in nursing mothers
G:Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim
B: Bactrim, Septra, SMZ, TMP
Sulfonamides
Sulfamethoxazole
Bactrim
PO, injectable
Vancomycin
Given IV for severe Staph infections
Monitor blood levels due to ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity
Antibiotic
G: Metronidazole
B: Flagyl
Antibiotic
Metronidazole
Flagyl
Given IV and PO
AVOID ALCOHOL
While taking and three days after to avoid antabuse
Metallic taste