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Psychology Final Exam Prep
Terms in this set (60)
What is TRUE about consciousness?
It involves the thoughts and feelings a person experiences.
Ian is proud of himself for finally solving the puzzle he has been working on all month. How does this accomplishment BEST fit in Maslow's hierarchy of needs?
Brianna is a humanistic psychologist. What does she do during her practice that BEST represents this perspective?
She focuses on what is currently going well in her patients' lives.
The French allow adolescents to drink at age 16. In America, the drinking age is 21. Eric wants to explore the reasoning behind this. He wonders what factors and beliefs influence these decisions for each country. What type of psychologist is MOST likely to investigate this scenario?
a cultural psychologist
Jackson is a modern-day psychologist who practices in a way that echoes Freud by working with the id, super-ego, and ego. What type of psychology does Jackson MOST likely practice?
Sheila wants to learn more about how people reason and remember things. Which branch of psychology BEST fits Sheila's interests?
Marcus believes in the approach to psychology known as functionalism. How is this BEST demonstrated?
He involves psychological research and observation in his exploration of the mind.
In a famous legal case, a psychologist was brought to the courtroom to testify as to whether the defendant was capable of being tried as an adult. What type of psychology did this person MOST likely study?
Thomas is really struggling. On one hand, he knows he should stop using illegal drugs because they are harmful and illegal. But on the other hand, they make him feel amazing and take away his pain—if only for a short while. What concept would Freud say this behavior MOST likely represents?
What is TRUE about clinical psychology?
It focuses on interpersonal relationships and depression.
Elizabeth has always believed that people's thoughts can help heal them. She wants to help people use positive thinking to positively affect their illnesses. What type of psychology would be MOST appropriate for Elizabeth to study?
What is TRUE about humanism?
Abraham Maslow was one of the founders of the movement.
Huda mentioned that she spent the last hour focusing on introspection. What action BEST demonstrates this focus?
She reflected on her current emotions and feelings
Whenever Lavonda hears someone talking about a snake, her heartbeat speeds up. How would psychologists MOST likely describe her fast heartbeat in this scenario?
It is a response.
Elio is preparing for a presentation about Sigmund Freud. What TRUE information should he include in his presentation?
Freud focused on the unconscious mind to explore his patient's emotional issues.
What is TRUE about hypothesis testing?
Data that differs from the predicted result can disprove the hypothesis.
Jackson is conducting an experiment to see how eating eggs for breakfast affects students' test results. He will have some students eat eggs, and others won't be allowed to eat eggs. He will then compare their test scores. What would a psychologist label as a dependent variable in this experiment?
the students' scores on the tests
Older people in town who were surveyed are more likely to go on daily walks than the younger people who live in this town. What can researchers MOST likely conclude from this information?
Some older people like to go on daily walks.
Anna is conducting an experiment where people are trying different levels of caffeine each day to see how this affects their levels of fatigue. What is one possible variable in this experiment that would MOST likely affect the results?
the amount of coffee each subject drinks
While conducting a case study, Owen kept detailed notes in his journal. What do these notes BEST represent?
Travis wants to know how people feel about his party's candidate, Selena Smith, running for mayor of the town. He plans to go door-to-door to drop off a paper asking residents to rate Selena on a scale of 1 to 10. What type of research is Travis conducting?
What is TRUE about a case study?
It often uses personal and probing questions.
Huda is about to begin working on a case study. What is one thing she should do to BEST prepare for this experience?
She should select one specific person to research for several days.
In a recent survey, respondents were asked to rate a new soft drink on a scale of 1 to 10. Only four people responded. Their ratings were 1, 2, 3, and 6. What is the range of this sample?
In a case study, Yolanda revealed that by eating carrots for breakfast she has managed to feel better about herself and stop using her prescribed medications. What can be concluded based on this information?
Yolanda had a very specific experience involving eating carrots.
Nathaniel is participating in an experimental study where he has to play video games for three hours before bedtime to see how it affects his sleep patterns. How would a psychologist BEST categorize the role Nathan is playing in this experiment?
He is the subject.
Mateo wants to start a research project using the scientific method. What is the first step he should take in this process?
Identify a research question and hypothesis.
Anastasia is training to become a teacher, so she is working in a classroom every day to complete her college experience. She is required to do a research project, so she has decided to survey her students about how their home life affects their ability to complete assignments. What should Anastasia do before starting this experiment to BEST follow ethical guidelines?
Get written permission from the students' parents.
What is TRUE about the use of animals in research?
Animals must be treated in a humane manner.
Rohan has had a lot of struggles with anxiety and depression. Dr. Thornberry plans to do an in-depth project where he spends time talking to Rohan every day for a month to see what his experiences are like. What type of research is Dr. Thornberry conducting?
Peyton cheated on his math test and earned a high grade. His friends told him that what he did was wrong. Peyton replied, "It's not breaking the rules as long as you don't get caught." What stage of moral development would Kohlberg MOST likely say Peyton is demonstrating?
What is TRUE about psychosocial development?
It is very dependent on how parents treat their children as they grow up.
Louise wants to help her infant who is six months old develop his language skills. What is the MOST age-appropriate thing Louise should do?
She should spend a lot of time talking and reading to her infant.
Mia is having a tough time trying to decide if she should go away to college or attend a community college and live at home. She knows that going away will grant her more independence, but she also knows she can save money if she lives at home. How would Piaget BEST describe Mia's stage of life in this scenario?
How does the rooting reflex BEST help infants?
It helps them to find food.
People who believe in the "nature" side of the nature versus nurture debate believe that the environment has the strongest effect on children.
Clara's parents are extremely strict and never let her play with other children. When she asks them why she can't play with others, they tell her to be quiet and go to her room. What type of parenting style does this BEST represent?
Aarav's baby girl keeps crawling around the house and trying to put everything she can find into her mouth. How would Piaget BEST describe this stage?
Contrast assimilation and accommodation. How are these two concepts different from one another?
Assimilation deals with current ways of thinking; accommodation causes a change in thinking.
What is TRUE about moral development?
The main idea involves learning how to distinguish between right and wrong.
Rhianna wants to learn more about moral development. Which psychologist should she research to BEST learn about moral development?
In kindergarten class, Noah decided to make a card for his teacher. He picked out a few crayons and drew a picture of a rainbow for her. What stage of psychosocial development would Erickson MOST likely say this is demonstrating?
initiative vs. guilt
Maria believes strongly that nature beats nurture in the nature versus nurture debate. What statement is she MOST likely to make?
I'm an excellent math student, so my parents must have also been excellent math students.
What did Piaget believe about his stages of cognitive development?
All children go through the stages in the exact same order.
Julia's son has started to use words to describe what he wants. He can point to the window and ask to go outside. How would Piaget BEST describe this stage?
What is likely to be TRUE about social learning in adolescence?
Teens are more likely to model behavior of people who are a year or two older.
Yolanda is a 15-year-old who wants to be accepted by her peers. What is MORE likely to happen if she is accepted by her peers than if she is rejected by her peers?
She will feel positively about herself.
What is TRUE about puberty?
By the end of puberty, most teens are physically able to reproduce.
Henry's parents tell him that he appears to be developing a greater sense of autonomy during his teenage years. How does Henry BEST demonstrate this?
Henry does his own laundry and cooks most of his meals.
Roberta agrees with psychologist G. Stanley Hall's beliefs about adolescence. Based on this view, how is Roberta MOST likely to describe this time of development?
It is a stressful and challenging period.
Huda is experiencing a lot of cognitive development during adolescence. How is this BEST demonstrated in her life?
She has set a major goal for herself and has made some tough decisions.
Both girls and boys go through a period of rapid body change known as an adolescent growth spurt when the testes and ovaries also grow and mature.
Kyle, who is 16 years old, is requesting help for his drug abuse habit. What will MOST likely happen in this process?
He will be treated for underlying mental health problems.
Steven and Candace want to create an environment for their children to help protect them from risk behaviors and emotional problems. What is the BEST thing for them to do?
Set high expectations for their children for their education.
Nate is a 16-year-old who says he is tired of dealing with peer pressure. What is one example of peer pressure Nate is MOST likely to face?
Everyone tries to get Nate to drink alcohol even though he doesn't want to.
Carlos is writing a report on suicide. What accurate information is he MOST likely to include in his report?
A suicide attempt often indicates that someone wants emotional help.
Jaden told his friends that he is going to rehabilitation. What is MOST likely to happen to Jaden?
He will receive psychological counseling to help him feel better.
Patrice has low self-esteem. How is this MOST likely to be demonstrated?
She feels bad about herself.
Monica complains that she cannot find any meaning in her life. She asks her parents for help. What is the BEST advice they can give Monica?
Perhaps you could try volunteering to help others.
Most teens who experiment with drugs develop a powerful addiction that requires them to attend a rehabilitation center to free themselves of this chemical dependence.
What are the 3 types of personality disorders?
What are the brain study methods?
Sleep has proven to be a good behavior to use to study consciousness because it:
What are the 4 lobes and their functions
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A methodical, logical rule that guarantees solving a particular problem is called a(n) a. heuristic. b. algorithm. c. insight. d. mental set. e. confirmation bias.
Thorndike’s principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely is known as what? a. Law of effect. b. Operant conditioning. c. Shaping. d. Respondent behavior. e. Discrimination.
Match the term below with its correct definition. social-learning theory A. school of psychology concerned with how mental processes help organisms adapt to environments B. the study of behavior and mental processes C. school of psychology based on the idea that our perceptions of objects are more than the sums of their parts D. mental processes E. school of psychology concerned with discovering the basic elements of consciousness F. the theory that people can change their environments or create new ones G. a group of people who share a common culture race, or national origin H. school of psychology concerned with the scientific study of obseivable actions I. the theory that experiences often remind us of similar experiences in the past J. school of psychology that emphasizes the importance of unconscious motives in human behavior
Dr. Cordova is planing a study of infants in her community. Describe how the following may have an impact on her study. • Teratogens • Habituation