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28 terms

Ways of the world Defining terms

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Scramble for Africa
Name used for the process of European countries partition of the continent of African between themselves in the period 1875-1900
Indian Rebellion, 1857 1858-
Massive uprising of much of India against British rule, first broke out among Indian troops in British employ
Congo Free State/ Leopold II
was the king or Belgium from 1865 to 19019; his rule as private owner of congo free state during much of that time is typically held up as the worst abuse of Europe wave of colonization.
Cultivation system
system of forced labor used in Netherlands east indeis in the nineteenth century;
Cash crop Agriculture
Agricultural production, often on a large scale, of crops for sale in the market, rather than for consumption by the farmers themselves
Western Educated elite
the main benifiaarieis in asian and africain land colonized by western power language
Africaniztion of Christianity
process that occurred in non-Muslim Africa, where millions who were converted to Christian sought to matian older traditions alongside new christain ideas.
Social Darwinism
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
Taiping Rebellion
internal economic problems in China, which included government corruption and high taxes, led to a peasant revolt. it is a revolt against the cheinsse empire Qing
Opium Wars
War between Britain and the Qing Empire that was, in the British view, occasioned by the Qing government's refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories. The victorious British imposed the one-sided Treaty of Nanking on China.
Unequal treaties
treaties imposed on the qing dynasty by the western forces that had defeated them
Self Strengthening Movement
china tried to resist the west by using western technologies.
Boxer rebellion
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country, A conflict started by a rebel group that wanted all foreigners out of China.
China 1911 revolution
it was against the qing dynasty and the chinessse revolutionary alinice., it was a civil war that resulted in a change of government. It ened the qings and created the republic of china
The sick man of euroupe
it refers to the weakness of the ottoman empire
Tanzimat
it was when the ottoman empire was reformed.
Young ottomans
are a new class of secular writers
Sultan Abd al/hamid II
limited his own authitie, accepted a limmted athortie to please the people, then changed his mine and changed to and autocracy. He has succseful progressive reforms
Young turks
elite civilinions, secular public life
Informal empire
is an empire without a legal base,
Tokugawa japan
introduced Japan's policy of isolationism, expelled all Christian missionaries, got rid of all European merchants, except a small group of Dutch.
Meiji restoration
when shogunates restored emperor meiji to power and created a national unity that was closed to forgianers. a collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
Rousso Japanese War
Japanese war established japan as a major condtendor on world stage, so japan took tawin and korea. Victory
colonial racism
pattern of european racisim that crated a great racial divide between themselves and the natives and limited native access to education and civil service.
based on natuall superior and inferior races concept.
apartheid
The Afrikaans word for apartness. It consisted of a number of laws that separated the races in every aspect of life.
invention of tradition
aa process of forging new ways of blenging and self identiftionat that defined and to some exent mythologized the region past,
Vivekananda, swami
leading religious figure of nineteenth century india. advocate of a revived hinduism and its mission to reach out to spiritually improvised west
Colonial tribalism
colonial recognition of the differences in african people and how they divided into separate and distinct tribes