5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- atraumatic needles
- a "not traumatic needles", no eye, minimizing trauma to skin, called "swaged" needles because the suture is pre-attached, usually curved
- b may be added to anesthesia, will have red labelling. It is a vasoconstrictor and should not be used on Pts with hypertension or on areas that are extremities. It's benefit is less bleeding during procedure.
- c a common injectable anesthesia. "-caine" indicates anesthesia.
- d cauterizes or seals off ends blood vessels using an instrument with a pencil-point sized source of electricity to burn the tissue
- e to tie off; like the end of a blood vessel during surgery
5 Multiple choice questions
- have eye, must be threaded with suture material, eye is bigger than needle so more traumatic to skin
- protects wound from injury and contamination; maintains constant pressure minimizing bleeding and swelling; holds wound edges together; absorbs drainage and secretions. Because it is going directly in or on an opening into the body, it must be sterile.
- 5-6 minutes (each arm); hands, wrists, forearms, 2" above elbows; hands held up for rinsing; prevents bringing microorganisms from unwashed area; clean nails with brush after pick; use scrub brush for friction; dry with sterile towels; no lotion; sterile gloves for protection and sterility.
- Dilators:used to enlarge openings like uterine cervix.
Retractors: pull wound edges back.
Speculums open things wider: nasal and vaginal.
- to cut into
5 True/False questions
surgical instruments → must be sterile (specifics in other flashcard set)
infection → Signs inflammation has moved to infection: exudate, systemic heat, nausea, general malaise, function loss
Grasping instruments → grasping or clamping: hemostatic forceps, tissue forceps, dressing or thumb forceps, sponge forceps, splinter forceps
medically aseptic hand wash → 2-3 minutes; hands and wrists; hands held down for rinsing; pathogens loosened and carried away from hands and wrists; clean nails with pick; hands together for friction; dry with paper towels; lotion use ok; apply gloves for protection; (removes transient flora)
topical anesthesia → applied to the skin or sprayed on with short duration to allow piercing, lancing or injecting for patient comfort; ex: ethyl chloride spray, Emla patch