5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Dilating instruments
- atraumatic needles
- Size of sutures
- a Dilators:used to enlarge openings like uterine cervix.
Retractors: pull wound edges back.
Speculums open things wider: nasal and vaginal.
- b From largest to smallest 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 "aught", 1-0 or 0 or one-aught, 2-0 or 00 or two-aught, 3-0 or 000 or three-aught, 4-0 or 0000 or four-aught, 5-0 or 00000 or five-aught, 6-0 or 000000 or six-aught, 7-0 or 0000000 or seven-aught. The more zeros, the smaller the gauge.
- c may be added to anesthesia, will have red labelling. It is a vasoconstrictor and should not be used on Pts with hypertension or on areas that are extremities. It's benefit is less bleeding during procedure.
- d "not traumatic needles", no eye, minimizing trauma to skin, called "swaged" needles because the suture is pre-attached, usually curved
- e a type of closed wound, a bruise
5 Multiple choice questions
- 5-6 minutes (each arm); hands, wrists, forearms, 2" above elbows; hands held up for rinsing; prevents bringing microorganisms from unwashed area; clean nails with brush after pick; use scrub brush for friction; dry with sterile towels; no lotion; sterile gloves for protection and sterility.
- A. sterile saline 0.9% comes in 1. multiple dose vial for injections, 2 larger container for rinsing and irrigating wounds. B. sterile water comes in 1. multiple dose vial for use as diluent for mixing meds, 2. large container for rinsing instruments after chemical disinfection.
- preventing contact with all microorganisms before they can enter the body; no microbial life. Autoclaving surgical instruments, using sterile gloves, maintaining sterile field, sterile draping, etc.
- cauterizes or seals off ends blood vessels using an instrument with a pencil-point sized source of electricity to burn the tissue
- All communication to and from pt. prior to administering anesthesia. Also MUST ask about allergies prior to administering anesthesia.
5 True/False questions
minor surgical procedures done in office → are less complex than major; uses local vs. general anesthesia; is an office procedure vs. hospitalization. could include electrosurgery, laser surgery, microsurgery, or cryosurgery,
absorbable sutures → catgut, Vicryl, PDS II, used internally and are not removesd
surgical instruments → must be sterile (specifics in other flashcard set)
incisional procedures → invasive, cutting into patient's body; surgical asepsis required
non-absorbable sutures → silk, nylon, Dacron, cotton, stainless steel staples; used on body surface, must be removed