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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Dry heat sterilization
  2. on the side
  3. Post-op instruments
  4. surgical instruments
  5. Dilating instruments
  1. a an area separate from the sterile field, but should be nearby; can turn your back on it, may have unopened sterile items and all items will at least be clean.
  2. b must be sterile (specifics in other flashcard set)
  3. c Dilators:used to enlarge openings like uterine cervix.
    Retractors: pull wound edges back.
    Speculums open things wider: nasal and vaginal.
  4. d requires higher heat 320 F, and longer exposure 3-4 hours; done in an autoclave, for easily corroding instruments like sharp blades or things that should not get wet.
  5. e must be sanitized, disinfected, sterilized for next time or disposed of if they were intended for single use.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a stitch or the act of sewing/stitching
  2. protects wound from injury and contamination; maintains constant pressure minimizing bleeding and swelling; holds wound edges together; absorbs drainage and secretions. Because it is going directly in or on an opening into the body, it must be sterile.
  3. are less complex than major; uses local vs. general anesthesia; is an office procedure vs. hospitalization. could include electrosurgery, laser surgery, microsurgery, or cryosurgery,
  4. Signs inflammation has moved to infection: exudate, systemic heat, nausea, general malaise, function loss
  5. 5-6 minutes (each arm); hands, wrists, forearms, 2" above elbows; hands held up for rinsing; prevents bringing microorganisms from unwashed area; clean nails with brush after pick; use scrub brush for friction; dry with sterile towels; no lotion; sterile gloves for protection and sterility.

5 True/False questions

  1. anesthesia and pt. medical history.All communication to and from pt. prior to administering anesthesia. Also MUST ask about allergies prior to administering anesthesia.

          

  2. Size of suturesFrom largest to smallest 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 "aught", 1-0 or 0 or one-aught, 2-0 or 00 or two-aught, 3-0 or 000 or three-aught, 4-0 or 0000 or four-aught, 5-0 or 00000 or five-aught, 6-0 or 000000 or six-aught, 7-0 or 0000000 or seven-aught. The more zeros, the smaller the gauge.

          

  3. surgical asepsisdestroying transient microorganisms after they leave the body; hand washing, disinfecting surfaces in the exam room when patient leaves, sanitizing stethoscope, etc.

          

  4. ligaturea stitch or the act of sewing/stitching

          

  5. Purpose of suturingto approximate edges (bring edges together) speed healing, reduce scarring