5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Grasping instruments
- anesthesia and pt. medical history.
- Size of sutures
- Size of sutures-uses
- a From largest to smallest 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 "aught", 1-0 or 0 or one-aught, 2-0 or 00 or two-aught, 3-0 or 000 or three-aught, 4-0 or 0000 or four-aught, 5-0 or 00000 or five-aught, 6-0 or 000000 or six-aught, 7-0 or 0000000 or seven-aught. The more zeros, the smaller the gauge.
- b a stitch or the act of sewing/stitching
- c grasping or clamping: hemostatic forceps, tissue forceps, dressing or thumb forceps, sponge forceps, splinter forceps
- d All communication to and from pt. prior to administering anesthesia. Also MUST ask about allergies prior to administering anesthesia.
- e overall: smallest possible for face 7-0 ideally,
higher for joints and higher tension areas or deep sutures more like 4-0 (handout)
5 Multiple choice questions
- must be sanitized, disinfected, sterilized for next time or disposed of if they were intended for single use.
- are less complex than major; uses local vs. general anesthesia; is an office procedure vs. hospitalization. could include electrosurgery, laser surgery, microsurgery, or cryosurgery,
- must be sterile (specifics in other flashcard set)
- made from sheep historically, both are absorbable sutures. Chromic gut is treated with chromic salts and will last longer (up to 60 days)
- to approximate edges (bring edges together) speed healing, reduce scarring
5 True/False questions
incise → to cut out of; surgical removal
Probing instruments → to examine body cavities.
scopes have lights: coloscope, bronchoscope, anoscope, endoscope.
probes or sounds
Autoclave temperature for sterilization → requires higher heat 320 F, and longer exposure 3-4 hours; done in an autoclave, for easily corroding instruments like sharp blades or things that should not get wet.
infection → Signs inflammation has moved to infection: exudate, systemic heat, nausea, general malaise, function loss
surgical short scrub → preventing contact with all microorganisms before they can enter the body; no microbial life. Autoclaving surgical instruments, using sterile gloves, maintaining sterile field, sterile draping, etc.