5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Dry heat sterilization
- on the side
- Post-op instruments
- surgical instruments
- Dilating instruments
- a an area separate from the sterile field, but should be nearby; can turn your back on it, may have unopened sterile items and all items will at least be clean.
- b must be sterile (specifics in other flashcard set)
- c Dilators:used to enlarge openings like uterine cervix.
Retractors: pull wound edges back.
Speculums open things wider: nasal and vaginal.
- d requires higher heat 320 F, and longer exposure 3-4 hours; done in an autoclave, for easily corroding instruments like sharp blades or things that should not get wet.
- e must be sanitized, disinfected, sterilized for next time or disposed of if they were intended for single use.
5 Multiple choice questions
- a stitch or the act of sewing/stitching
- protects wound from injury and contamination; maintains constant pressure minimizing bleeding and swelling; holds wound edges together; absorbs drainage and secretions. Because it is going directly in or on an opening into the body, it must be sterile.
- are less complex than major; uses local vs. general anesthesia; is an office procedure vs. hospitalization. could include electrosurgery, laser surgery, microsurgery, or cryosurgery,
- Signs inflammation has moved to infection: exudate, systemic heat, nausea, general malaise, function loss
- 5-6 minutes (each arm); hands, wrists, forearms, 2" above elbows; hands held up for rinsing; prevents bringing microorganisms from unwashed area; clean nails with brush after pick; use scrub brush for friction; dry with sterile towels; no lotion; sterile gloves for protection and sterility.
5 True/False questions
anesthesia and pt. medical history. → All communication to and from pt. prior to administering anesthesia. Also MUST ask about allergies prior to administering anesthesia.
Size of sutures → From largest to smallest 4, 3, 2, 1, 0 "aught", 1-0 or 0 or one-aught, 2-0 or 00 or two-aught, 3-0 or 000 or three-aught, 4-0 or 0000 or four-aught, 5-0 or 00000 or five-aught, 6-0 or 000000 or six-aught, 7-0 or 0000000 or seven-aught. The more zeros, the smaller the gauge.
surgical asepsis → destroying transient microorganisms after they leave the body; hand washing, disinfecting surfaces in the exam room when patient leaves, sanitizing stethoscope, etc.
ligature → a stitch or the act of sewing/stitching
Purpose of suturing → to approximate edges (bring edges together) speed healing, reduce scarring