State and Local Government
Terms in this set (33)
Laws passed at the local level (city, county or town) are called -
The smaller of the 2 houses in the Virginia General Assembly.
Who is elected or appointed and is in charge of local public schools.
In Virginia, what is the lawmaking branch of the state government called that consists of the house of delegates and VA senate (AKA Legislative Branch)?
These are Congress' orders for States to follow. Sometimes they cause tensions with the state government because the action is required without adequate funding.
According to the 10th Amendment to the Constitution, reserved powers are given to who?
The Chief executive of a State; elected to a 4 year term.
Larger of the 2 houses in the VA General Assembly.
House of Delegates
In Virginia, an elected official that is second in command in the executive branch who also serves a four year term like the governor.
A spending plan that covers 2 years.
The powers of the federal government are listed in what document?
The powers of the VA state government are listed in what document?
The Federal Government does what?
Provides for the common defense, Congress, conduct foreign policy, regulates commerce
What is Virginia's Legislative Branch called?
Who is part of Virginia's Executive Branch?
Virginia's Judicial Branch Consists of -
Virginia Supreme Court
Any change to the VA constitution must be finally approved by who?
The voters in Virginia
Federalism is -
the division of national and state government responsibilities, sharing powers.
Expressed powers are -
Powers that are specifically listed in the constitution
How is a law made in Virginia
1. Bill is proposed, 2. Goes to a Committee in each house, Debated on the floor of each house, voted on the floor of each house, bill is sent to governor for signature.
What are the types of local governments in Virginia?
Cities, towns and counties
State Governments do what?
Promote public safety public health, focus on citizens' well being; gives authority or powers to the local governments
Local government do what?
Enforce state and local laws, public health, public safety, education, environment and land use.
What is the Legislative body for a city?
What is the Legislative body for a town?
What is the Legislative body for a county?
Board of Supervisors
Who is the executive for cities and towns?
mayor or manager
The Judicial courts for the state/local level of government are -
State Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, Circuit Court, General District Court, Juvenile and Domestic Court
Who helps shape legislation?
Individuals (more at the local level) and interest groups
Cabinet secretaries and departments, agencies, commissions, and regulatory boards do what?
administer state laws, enforce state laws, regulate business, provide services
In every locality (area) who must be elected?
A sheriff, a clerk of the circuit court, a commissioner of revenue, and a treasurer
A lawmaking body made up of two houses or parts is called -
What document gives Virginia 3 branches?