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74 terms

computing fundamentals

STUDY
PLAY
CPU
The main component of a computer which performs mathematical operations, moves data, and makes decisions based on specific instructions.
ROM BIOS
A computer chip which holds basic instructions and services in order to run basic hardware tests.
RAM
A memory chip in a computer which holds all programs and data when they are in use.
Hard Drive
The primary storage component of a computer which holds all software and data.
Processing
The second stage of the computing process, in which the computer analyzes information input by the user.
Output
The third stage of the computing process, in which the computer produces a result based on the user's request.
EULA
document associated with a stand-alone software program which explains the legal regulations for using the software.
Stand-Alone Software
A type of software that is downloaded or installed and runs independently on a computer.
Sharware
A version of a software application available for free use with limited features or for a trial period.
Freeware
Software that is free to use.
Optical Media
A type of media used to store data which is read by a laser, such as a CD or DVD.
OS (Operating System)
The primary form of software running on a computer that organizes tiles and folders as well as telling the hardware how to interact with the user and other software.
Input
The first stage of the computing process, in which a user initiating an action by giving the computer information or a request.
Open Source Software
An application that is not installed locally but used over the Internet or another network.
Real-Time Operating System
An operating system that reacts to current events and actions occurring around it.
Embedded System
An operating system that combines processors and software in a device.
Which unit is used to measure computer processing speed?
Megahertz
are services used to examine potentially damaged media? Choose all that apply.
Disk Utility
Which type of operating system combines processors and software on a device?
Embedded
Which type of software tells the hardware how to interact with the user and other software?
Operating system
Which are folder view options in Windows? Choose all that apply.
List
Details
Small Icons
Medium Icons
Large Icons
What allows a user to view folders, applications, devices, and documents on a Macintosh computer?
Finder
What is the spreadsheet software in the Microsoft Office suite called?
Excel
Which part of a computer holds all programs and data while they are in use?
RAM
Which are examples of remote storage? Choose all that apply.
SAN
Google Docs
Network drive
Which process allows a user to return to a previous state on the computer if something goes wrong?
Backup
Under which Control Panel category is the Free up disk space option located in Windows Vista?
System and Maintenance
What is usually included with standalone software and informs a user how the software can be used legally?
End-User License Agreement
Which type of software encourages developers to improve upon and add to it?
Open source
What is Software as a Service?
Software accessed over the Internet
Which type of operating system responds to events currently occurring?
Real-time
False
When a shortcut is deleted, the original application, folder, or file is also deleted.
Where are the majority of the technical and maintenance settings located on a Windows computer?
Control Panel
Applications can be installed directly from the Web.
True
Which are Finder viewing options for Macintosh? Choose all that apply.
Applications can be installed directly from the Web
Columns
What is used in the Dock to indicate that an application is currently running on a Macintosh computer?
Bright spot under the application icon
Where are the majority of the technical and maintenance settings located on a Macintosh computer?
System Preferences
A file type must be associated with the correct application in order to open.
True
Which type of software stores information in structured tables that can connect and interact with each other?
Database
Which type of application allows a user to view content on the Web?
Browser
Input
the first step in the three-stage process.
CPU
moves data, performs mathematic operations, makes decisions based on instructions, and directs the actions of hardware and software.
ROM-BIOS
computer chip which holds basic instructions and services in order to run basic hardware tests.
RAM
part of a computer that holds all programs and data while they are in use
random access memory
stands for RAM
one byte
8 bits
optical media
media used to store data which is read by a laser
CD-R
type of optical media that can only be written to once.
remote
SAN, Google Docs, and Network drive
input devices
Scanner, keyboard, touch screen, and game controller
input/output
Manual and plug-and-play are the two main basic installation methods
computer's purpose
When deciding which type of computer to purchase, a buyer should first consider
Backup option
to return to a previous state on the computer
System and Maintenance
The Free up Disk Space option is located in the
Printer maintenance
includes changing the ink cartridge, clearing paper jams, and aligning printer heads
Start orb
Start button
Start menu
gives access to programs or files on the computer
task bar
The minimize button in a window or application sends that window or application to the
Close button
The bright red X at the top of a window or application is the
When a shortcut is deleted
the original application, folder, or file is not deleted
Folder Options dialog box
Show hidden files and folders, Hide extensions for known file types, and Hide protected operating system files are all options available in the
task bar shows
all the programs, files, and applications open or in use
The majority of the technical and maintenance settings are located in the
Control Panel
Lock, Sleep, Log Off, Restart, Hibernate, and Shut Down
all options dealing with powering down a Windows computer
Web
Applications can be installed directly from the
Finder viewing options for Macintosh
List, Columns, and Thumbnails are
A bright spot under the application icon appears in the dock to indicate that an application is currently running
on a Macintosh computer. [Application Indicators]
System Preferences on a Macintosh computer
The majority of the technical and maintenance settings are located in
open
A file type must be associated with the correct application in order to
suite
A group of different applications that work together
Productivity suites
Word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software
PowerPoint
presentation software in the Microsoft Office suite
connect and interact with each other
A Database is a type of software that stores information in structured tables that can
Web
The Browser allows a user to view content on the