Chapter 5,6.4,7 Mr. Van Winkle
Terms in this set (77)
a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to from a working majority and so to control a government
a group of people who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office
in an election, the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate
the strong support of their party and its policy stands
all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
general agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions
voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same election
the smallest unit of election administration; a voting district
a unit into which cities are often divided for the election of city council members
a special tax, demanded by States, as a condition of voting
supported by two parties
parties that have split away from one of the major parties
a person's ability to read or write
mandated by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the prior approval by the Justice Department of changes to or new election laws by certain States
the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group
one's own influence or effectiveness on politics
a term used to describe people with no party affiliation
loyalty of people to a political party
the practice of voting for candidates of only one party in an election
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
political action committee
the political extension of special interest groups which have a major stake in public policy
person living in a State for only a short time, without legal residence
the process of candidate selection in an electoral system
the effect of a strong candidate running for an office at the top of a ballot helping to attract voters to other candidates on the party's ticket
a primary in which the top two vote-getters in the first direct primary face one another
the place where the voters who live in a certain precinct go to vote
a voting process in which voters receive a long ballot containing the name of all contenders, regardless of party, and can vote however they choose
a primary nominating election in which only declared party members can vote
the regularly scheduled election at which voters make a final selection of officeholders
election in which candidates are not identified by party labels
a system where two major political parties dominate politics within a government
a type of state in which a single political party has the right to form the government
Republican and Democratic
a party without wide voter support in this country
any society in which citizens can legally and publicly hold multiple competing ethical views and are allowed to choose for themselves what ethical beliefs if any they wish to hold
Progressive, Dixiecrat, and Independent
economic protest parties
Greenback and Populist
Socialist and Communist
Free Soil and American (Know Nothings)
How long do single-issue parties tend to last?
die away with issues
What are advantages of multi-party systems?
it is a broader representation of the electorate and gives a more meaningful choice
What are disadvantages of multi-party systems?
can lead to instability
What is the role of the national chairperson of a party?
manages the party's headquarters
What are the functions of the two major parties in the US?
1) Nominate candidates for public office and help them win
2) Inform and inspire voters by activating their interests
3) Ensure candidate quality by seeking qualified men and women of good character
4) Help Govern
5) The party our of power acts as a watchdog for the party in power
What happens to popular ideas brought up by minor parties?
they are adopted by a major party
What are the three main elements of the major parties in terms of roles of their members?
1) party organization
2) party in government
3) party in the electorate
Why do people join political parties?
to have a voice in their country
Why did the two-party system develop in the US?
didn't want the third party to act as a spoiler
In what way(s) have minor parties contributed most to American politics?
What is the difference between parties in the US and parties in general?
the US has two parties which appeals to the people on a broad scale as opposed to multiple parties targeting individual issues
What are some signs of weakened political parties?
division amongst itself
What are advantages/drawbacks of one-party systems?
united people/no freedom
Which groups tend to support Democrats? Republicans?
low-income young women for Democrats and high-income old men for Republican
Why do more and more people identify with neither political party? What are these people called?
do not match up with party 100%. Independent
What is ballot fatigue?
the farther down the ballot is, the fewer the number of votes that will be cast for it
What are some reasons for nonvoting in the US?
immigrants, ill, prison, religiously restricted
Why is the nominating stage important in the electoral process?
nominations set real limits to the choices voters can make in general elections
Why are voting machines used?
to minimize vote counting errors
What are some ways in which voters complete election ballots?
absentee ballot, on paper, or DRE's
Why is money an indispensable campaign resource?
it allows candidates to make themselves known to the public
What is the oldest form of the nominating process in the US?
Why are federal elections laws important?
ensures privacy and eliminates corruption
What type of ballot encourages straight-ticket voting?
party column ballot
What is the biggest drawback of the need for large amounts of money to campaign?
people who can't get money are denied a change to run
Why was the convention system considered more representative of the party as a whole that then caucus?
all party members could vote for delegate to send to county conventions
What are some loopholes in current federal election laws?
1) the use of soft money for "party building" activities
2) money spent by an independent person or group on behalf of a candidate
3) the prominent use of issue ads
Who holds the power to set the date to hold congressional elections?
what is an office-group ballot? How is it different from a party-column ballot?
candidates are listed together under the title of the position they seek
What is the most expensive item in a campaign budget?
What roles do political parties and the media share?
What is the most important factor in determining how someone will vote?
What happened in the election of 1912?
a third party (Bull Moose) acted as a spoiler
When do both parties have a strong leader at the same time?
when their representative has been chosen ahead of time
What is the least democratic method for nominating candidates?
Do more people participate in the direct primary or the caucus and convention methods?
Why should straight-ticket voters be sure to vote in the primary election?
the outcome of that election will dictate whom they will vote for in the general election
Which voting device provides optimum security?