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75 terms

Computing Fundamentals

STUDY
PLAY
Input
is the first step in the three-stage process.
CPU
The ___ moves data, performs mathematic operations, makes decisions based on instructions, and directs the actions of hardware and software.
ROM-BIOS
The ____ is a computer chip which holds basic instructions and services in order to run basic hardware tests.
RAM
The part of a computer that holds all programs and data while they are in use is called the _____
random access memory
RAM stands for _________.
one byte
8 bits make up ______.
optical media
A type of media used to store data which is read by a laser is called________ .
CD-R
A_________ is a type of optical media that can only be written to once
remote storage
SAN, Google Docs, and Network drive are all examples of _________
input devices.
Scanner, keyboard, touch screen, and game controller are all examples of ________
Manual and plug-and-play
_________are the two main basic installation methods for an input/output device.
computer's purpose
When deciding which type of computer to purchase, a buyer should first consider the __________
return to a previous state on the computer
A user may utilize the Backup option to_____________ .
System and Maintenance
The Free up Disk Space option is located in the ___________category of the Control Panel.
Printer maintenance
_____ includes changing the ink cartridge, clearing paper jams, and aligning printer heads.
The Start
___________button is more recently referred to as the Start orb by Microsoft.
The Start
___________menu gives access to programs or files on the computer.
Close button
The bright red X at the top of a window or application is the _____________.
shortcut
When a is deleted, the original application, folder, or file is not deleted
Folder Options
Show hidden files and folders, Hide extensions for known file types, and Hide protected operating system files are all options available in the dialog box.
task bar
The _________ shows all the programs, files, and applications open or in use.
Windows Help and Support
_____________option is located in the Start menu.
Control Panel
The majority of the technical and maintenance settings are located in the on a Windows computer.
Lock, Sleep, Log Off, Restart, Hibernate, and Shut Down
___________are all options dealing with powering down a Windows computer.
Applications
________ can be installed directly from the Web.
Macintosh
List, Columns, and Thumbnails are all Finder viewing options for __________.
A bright spot
___________under the application icon appears in the dock to indicate that an application is currently running on a Macintosh computer. [Application Indicators]
System Preferences
The majority of the technical and maintenance settings are located in __________ on a Macintosh computer.
open
A file type must be associated with the correct application in order to ___________.
suite
A group of different applications that work together is called a __________.
Productivity
Word processing, spreadsheets, and presentation software are all types of __________ suites.
PowerPoint
__________ is the presentation software in the Microsoft Office suite.
Database
A ______ is a type of software that stores information in structured tables that can connect and interact with each other.
Browser
The________ allows a user to view content on the Web.
CPU
- The main component of a computer which performs mathematical operations, moves data, and makes decisions based on specific instructions.
ROM BIOS
- A computer chip which holds basic instructions and services in order to run basic hardware tests.
RAM
- A memory chip in a computer which holds all programs and data when they are in use.
Hard Drive
-The primary storage component of a computer which holds all software and data.
Processing
- The second stage of the computing process, in which the computer analyzes information input by the user.
Output
________-The third stage of the computing process, in which the computer produces a result based on the user's request.
EULA
_____-A document associated with a stand-alone software program which explains the legal regulations for using the software.
Stand -Alone Software
-A type of software that is downloaded or installed and runs independently on a computer.
Sharware
____- A version of a software application available for free use with limited features or for a trial period.
Freeware
_____-Software that is free to use.
Optical Media
______-A type of media used to store data which is read by a laser, such as a CD or DVD.
OS (Operating System)
_____-The primary form of software running on a computer that organizes tiles and folders as well as telling the hardware how to interact with the user and other software.
Input
_______-The first stage of the computing process, in which a user initiating an action by giving the computer information or a request.
Open Source Software
________ -An application that is not installed locally but used over the Internet or another network.
Real-Time Operating System
______-An operating system that reacts to current events and actions occurring around it.
Embedded System
. - An operating system that combines processors and software in a device.
Megahertz
Which unit is used to measure computer processing speed?
1 byte
In terms of computer storage, how large is a character of text?
Chkdsk and Disk Utility
Which are services used to examine potentially damaged media? Choose all that apply.
Operating system
Which type of software tells the hardware how to interact with the user and other software?
Embedded
Which type of operating system combines processors and software on a device?
List Details Small Icons Medium Icons Large Icons Large Icons
Which are folder view options in Windows? Choose all that apply.
Finder
What allows a user to view folders, applications, devices, and documents on a Macintosh computer?
Excel
What is the spreadsheet software in the Microsoft Office suite called?
RAM
Which part of a computer holds all programs and data while they are in use?
SAN
B. Google Docs
C. Network drive
Which are examples of remote storage? Choose all that apply.
Backup
Which process allows a user to return to a previous state on the computer if something goes wrong?
System and Maintenance
Under which Control Panel category is the Free up disk space option located in Windows Vista?
End-User License Agreement
What is usually included with standalone software and informs a user how the software can be used legally
Open source
Which type of software encourages developers to improve upon and add to it
Software accessed over the Internet
What is Software as a Service?
Real-time
Which type of operating system responds to events currently occurring?
False
When a shortcut is deleted, the original application, folder, or file is also deleted.
Control Panel
Where are the majority of the technical and maintenance settings located on a Windows computer?
True
Applications can be installed directly from the Web.
List and Columns
Which are Finder viewing options for Macintosh? Choose all that apply.
Bright spot under the application icon
What is used in the Dock to indicate that an application is currently running on a Macintosh computer?
System Preferences
Where are the majority of the technical and maintenance settings located on a Macintosh computer?
True
A file type must be associated with the correct application in order to open.
Database
Which type of software stores information in structured tables that can connect and interact with each other?
Browser
Which type of application allows a user to view content on the Web?