U.S. History - Chapter 2
Terms in this set (42)
New England Colonies
Came seeking religious freedom, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and New Hampshire.
British colonies including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware.
A region that included Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia that was home to soil ideal for plantations and warm weather
A group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600s
Duke of York
Brother of King Charles II and took New Netherlands (which was later named New York) and became a very large proprietor
A group of religious pacifists who were persecuted in Europe. William Penn established Pennsylvania as a safe haven for Quakers.
English Protestants established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts
Reasons for coming to America
make money, to gain land, for jobs, political freedom, religious freedom, for adventure
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church. Also known as Pilgrims.
Church of England (Anglican)
The national church of England, founded by King Henry VIII. It included both Roman Catholic and Protestant ideas
Main Cash Crops
Tobacco, indigo, sugar, rice, cotton
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks
An English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance.
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government
A Dutch explorer who led settlers to the mouth of the Hudson River. There, he bought Manhattan Island from local Indians. He called the area New Netherland (now called New York).
Leader of the Massachusetts Bay Colony who led Puritan colonists to Massachusetts to establish an ideal Christian community; he later became the colony's first governor.
The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Settled as New Sweden; Passed into hands of the Dutch and then English. Duke of York granted this land to Penn
Puritans came seeking religious freedom; John Winthrop model of "city set upon a hill" with strict moral conduct; Great migration; Mayflower Compact
Settled Charlestown with fine harbor; raised rice and indigo
Massachusetts Bay Company
A group of wealthy Puritans who formed this company were granted a royal charter in 1629 to settle in Massachusetts Bay
Response to the Intolerable Acts, representatives from 12 of the 13 colonies met to discuss the colonial troubles and complaints in 1774
The Duke of York granted the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers to him and Sir George Cartere
It was founded by William Penn and some other Quakers for religious freedom.
Sir George Carteret
Founded New Jersey with Lord John Berkley which became a place of religious and ethnic diversity.
Founded in 1635 by Thomas Hooker and his followers for political and religious freedom after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay.
Settled Albemarle Point; tobacco was cash crop
George Calvert then his son Cecilius called Lord Baltimore, Proprietary, Haven for Catholics, Act of Toleration, religious freedom, Tobacco- cash crop
Founded in 1636 by Roger Williams and his supporters for religious freedom and separation of church from state after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay.
Founded by James Oglethorpe for relief for poor English and as a buffer between Spanish Florida and The Carolinas.
A melting-pot town in early colonial Georgia; had a port
A colony founded by the Dutch in the New World. It became New York.
Founder of Georgia, wanted a slave-free colony; establish a haven for people who had been imprisoned for their debt
Act of Toleration
Passed by Maryland due to Protestant—Catholic friction; guaranteed religious toleration to all Christians—Protestant or Catholic
Colonial clergymen and founder of Rhode Island, was expelled from Massachusetts, he founded the commonwealth of Providence, based on religious freedom.
Founded in 1620 by Seperatist Pilgrims for religious freedom.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First Constitution written in America - limited the governor's power in Connecticut, allowed non church members to vote
Governor of New Netherland, Peter Minuit, purchased this land from the Indians
A plant used to make valuable blue dye