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World Geography ch.3
Terms in this set (44)
either of the two times of the year when the sun's rays shine directly overhead at noon at the furthest points north and south, and that mark the beginning of summer and winter. in the Northern hemisphere, the summer ........... is the longest day and the winter ............. is the shortest.
each of the two days in a year on which day and night are equal in length; marks the beginning of spring and autumn
the condition of the atmosphere at a particular location and time
the typical weather conditions at a particular location as observed over time.
falling water droplets in the form of rain, sleet, snow, or hail.
a storm that forms over warm, tropical ocean waters.
a tropical, storm like a hurricane, that occurs in the west pacific
a powerful funnel-shaped column of spiraling air.
a heavy snowstorm with winds of more than 35 miles per hour and reduced visibility of less than one quarter mile
a long period without rain or with very minimal rainfall.
the transfer of heat in the atmosphere by the upward motion of the air.
a weather pattern created by the warming of the waters off the west coast of South America, which pushes warm water and heavy rains toward the Americas and produces drought conditions in Australia and Asia.
the layer of gases released by the burning of coal and petroleum that traps solar energy, causing global temperature to increase.
the flat treeless lands forming a ring around the Arctic Ocean; the climate region of the Arctic Ocean
permanently frozen ground
an interdependent community of plants and animals.
a regional ecosystem
a named characteristic of broad leaf trees, such as maple, oak, birch and cottonwood.
a forest region located in the tropical region with a heavy concentration of different species of broadleaf trees.
another word for needleleaf trees
the term for flat, grassy, mostly treeless plains in the tropical grassland region.
the term used for the temperate grassland region in the Northern Hemisphere
Region on the Earth between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
Pertaining to the North or South pole
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter
What are the four seasons?
The Earth's seasons are caused by the tilt of the Earth's axis.
Are the Earth's seasons caused by the differences in the distance from the Sun throughout the year or the tilt of the Earth's axis?
What is the tilt of the Earth's axis in degrees?
During which season do the Sun's rays hit the Earth at the most direct angle?
The winter soltice
What is the name of the shortest day of the year and the beginning of winter?
The summer solstice
What is the name of the longest day of the year and the beginning of summer?
What is the name of the day in which the day and night are of equal duration?
How many times each year do we have days in which the day and night are of equal duration?
The vernal equinox
The autumnal equinox
What are the names of the days where the day and the night are of equal duration?
Humid subtropical climate
What kind of climate does Beaumont have?
Wind currents, ocean currents, latitudinal zones, elevation, topography
What are factors that effect climate?
Tornadoes, blizzards, floods, droughts, hurricanes
What are five weather extremes?
Desert, forest, tundra, grassland
What are four different biomes?
When the windward side of a mountain gets all the moisture, the leeward side of the mountain is called a .............
hot or cold and they receive less than ten inches of rain per year.
Water vapor, air movement, elevation, landforms and bodies of water, cloud cover
What causes weather
What types of trees are most common in rain forests?
Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn
The ...........of.............and the ...............of ............... mark the farthest points North and South that the Sun's rays shine directly overhead at noon
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