Upgrade to remove ads
APUSH unit 2B
Imperialism and WWI
Terms in this set (36)
Alfred Thayer Mahan
a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I.
Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a class of destroyers. His research into naval History led to his most important work,
Cleveland and Hawaii
President Cleveland did not want to forcibly annex Hawaii, so he waited five years to do so.
McKinley finally did it. Cleveland felt the annexation overstepped the federal government's power.
type of sensational, biased, and often false reporting for the sake of attracting readers
Modern yellow journalism runs rampant through the internet, daring people to click on scandalous stories, or shocking headlines
American Anti-Imperialist League
Coalition of anti-imperialist groups united in 1899 to protest American territorial expansion, especially in the Philippine Islands;
its membership included prominent politicians, industrialists, labor leaders, and social reformers.
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain
U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
U.S. Battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898;
Evidence suggests an internal explosion, however Spanish military was framed by Yellow Journalism; The incident was a catalyst for the Spanish American War
Spanish war, government
Rough Riders, San Juan Hill
1898 - Theodore Roosevelt formed the Rough Riders (volunteers) to fight in the Spanish- American War in Cuba.
They charged up San Juan Hill during the battle of Santiago. It made Roosevelt popular.
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent contry
King George III of Great Britain and representatives of the United States of America on September 3, 1783, ended the American
Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico
territories the United States received from Spain at the close of the Spanish-American War
Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States, and allowed the victorious power to purchase the Philippines Islands from Spain for $20 million.
This Amendment was drafter by Henry M. Teller which declared that the US had no desire for control in Cuba
pledged the US would leave the island alone.
before the Philippines was annexed by the U.S. there existed tension between U.S. troops and Filippinos.
eventually we entered into a war with the Philippines.
John Hay, Open Door Policy
(514) Secretary of State John Hay asked each nation with "sphere of influence" in China to allow other nations to trade freely and equally in its sphere
(allowed US to trade freely with China without fear of interference). Ended with Boxer Rebellion
Big Stick Policy
Roosevelt's philosophy - In international affairs, ask first but bring along a big army to help convince them.
Threaten to use force, act as international policemen
Panama Canal Treaties
1978 - Passed by President Carter, these called for the gradual return of the Panama Canal to the people and government of Panama.
They provided for the transfer of canal ownership to Panama in 1999 and guaranteed its neutrality.
(TR) , Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America
using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
"Colossus of the North"
1906 - Relations between U.S. and Canada including a reciprocal trade agreement.
Tight relations made the U.S. and Canada a "Colossus."
A gentlemen's agreement or gentleman's agreement is an informal and legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties.
It is typically oral, though it may be written, or simply understood as part of an unspoken agreement by convention or through mutually beneficial etiquette.
huh? idk whats going on anymore
Great White Fleet
1907-1909 - Roosevelt sent the Navy on a world tour to show the world the U.S. naval power.
Also to pressure Japan into the "Gentlemen's Agreement."
Alliance among Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy at the end of the 19th century;
part of European alliance system and balance of power prior to World War I.
Loans to the Allies
In total, the United States lent the Allies over $10 billion. Great Britain owed the United States over $4.2 billion by the end of the war.
This great indebtedness led to conflict later when the United States attempted to collect. Also, it led to increased reparations for Germany because of allied indebtedness.
Election of 1916
Hughes, Wilson, issues: Wilson ran for reelection for the Democrats on the call that he had kept the United States out of the war.
Charles Evans Hughes was the Republican candidate who attacked the inefficiency of the Democratic Party. Wilson won the election, so was able to continue his idealistic policies.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915.
128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S.
It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
Unrestricted Sub Warfare
Warfare where Subs are allowed to sink any enemy ship whether it is a military ship or not.
Used to keep supplies from getting through on merchant ships. Utilized by US against the Japanese
Russian Revolution of 1917
Spontaneous rebellion that erupted in Russia after the country's defeat at the hands of Japan in 1905;
the revolution was suppressed, but it forced the government to make substantial reforms.
Headed by George Creel, this committee was in charge of propaganda for WWI (1917-1919).
He depicted the U.S. as a champion of justice and liberty
War Industries Board
This government agency oversaw the production of all American factories.
It determined priorities, allocated raw materials, and fixed prices; it told manufacturers what they could and could not produce.
Debs' imprisonment, Espionage/Sedition Acts
On June 16, 1918 Debs made an anti-war speech in Canton, Ohio, protesting US involvement in World War I.
He was arrested under the Espionage Act of 1917 and convicted, sentenced to serve ten years in prison and to be disenfranchised for life.
This government agency was headed by Herbert Hoover and was established to increase the production of food and ration food for the military.
During the time of the administration, the United States was short of nearly everything as many commodities were being sold to their allies.
Selective Service Act
Law passed by Congress in 1917 that required all men from ages 21 to 30 to register for the military draft
The act required all men in the U.S. between the ages of 21 and 30 to register for military service. Within a few months, some 10 million men across the country had registered in response to the military draft
American Expeditionary Forces
The American Expeditionary Forces was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I.
The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen. John J. Pershing.
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I
demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace
called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
Congressional elections of 1918
The 66th Congress, under President Wilson. He begged people to elect Democrats so that they could support his foreign policy initiatives in Congress, but the public rejected him.
The senate had 47 Democrats and 49 Republicans and the House had 216 Democrats, 210 Republicans and 6 others.
A source of 1920s economic imbalances, the agreement.
Germany had to pay for damages from WWI
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 8: US Foreign Policy
chapter 21: america and the great war
US History Unit 2 Flashcards
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
apush unit 8
APUSH unit 6
AP Euro Chapter 16: Scientific Revolution and Enli…