comparison using like or as
comparison NOT using like or as
use of great exaggeration
audience knows something a character does not
combination of words that contradict each other
a play on words involving words with two meanings
the same sound begins words
reference to history, mythology, or literature
unstressed followed by stressed syllables, 10 syllables per line
a hint of what could happen
when words have the same end consonant or vowel sound, but not both - not exact rhyme
a speech by one character that is spoken so other characters can hear
a character's inner most thoughts, character speaks on stage but only audience/reader can hear
when something nonhuman is given human qualities or characteristics
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