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American Red Cross
Terms in this set (33)
By following standard precautions to protect yourself and the injured or ill person, you can:
Minimize the risk of disease transmission.
About how many seconds should you check for breathing:
no more than 10
What is the purpose of Good Samaritan Laws?
To help protect people who voluntarily give care without accepting anything in return.
What should you do if the person does not give consent?
Do not give care but instead call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
You see a woman collapse in front of you while entering the lobby of your office building. You check the scene and then check the person for consciousness, but she does not respond. What should you do next?
Call or have someone else call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
The steps to follow in an emergency are:
Check - Call - Care
If a person is suffering from pain or discomfort in the chest that lasts more than 3-5 minutes or that goes away and comes back, this person is most likely having:
A heart attack
It is important to follow the links of the Cardiac Chain of Survival because:
It helps improve the chance of survival.
When you give care to an adult who is conscious and choking, where should you position your fist to give abdominal thrusts?
In the middle of the abdomen, just above the navel.
Early CPR is important in the Cardiac Chain of Survival because:
It helps circulate blood that contains oxygen to the vital organs until an AED is ready to use or advanced medical personnel take over.
When giving a rescue breath during CPR, each breath should last about:
The cycle of chest compressions and rescue breaths in CPR is:
30 chest compressions for every 2 rescue breaths.
About how many cycles of CPR should you perform in 2 minutes?
If, during the second analysis, the AED prompts "no shock advised," you should:
Resume CPR until the AED reanalyzes or you find an obvious sign of life.
When preparing an AED for use, what is the first thing you should do?
Turn on the AED
When a cardiac arrest occurs and an AED becomes available, it should b used as soon as possible. True or false
What should you do before the AED analyzes the heart rhythm?
Ensure that no one, including you, is touching the person.
Early CPR and early defibrillation can:
Save the lives of more people in cardiac arrest
The AED pads should normally be placed on:
the upper right chest and the left side of the chest.
Once you have turned on the AED, you should:
Apply the pads and allow the AED to analyze the heart rhythm.
If the AED pads risk touching each other such as with a small child or an infant you should:
Place one pad in the middle of the chest and the other on the back.
a type of injury that involves an open wound in which the bone has torn through the skin.
A sudden illness resulting from too much or too little sugar in the person's blood.
What sudden illness is usually caused by a blockage of blood flow to the brain?
What is the first step in caring for a wound with significant bleeding?
Apply direct pressure with a sterile or clean dressing.
Heat-related illnesses include the following:
Heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
When caring for a person who is having a seizure, you should:
Remove nearby objects that might cause injury.
How should you care for someone with minor frostbite on the fingers?
Get the person to a warm environment and then rewarm his or her hands using skin-to-skin contact.
The general care for a muscle, bone or joint injury includes the following:
Rest, Immobilize, Cold and Elevate (RICE)
Care for a person with heat exhaustion includes the following:
Get the person out of the heat and into a cooler place.
How do you care for a person with a possible head, neck or spinal injury?
Support the head in the position you find it. Do not try to align it.
A young woman is having trouble breathing and, based on your check of the person, you suspect that she is having a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting. What should you do?
call 9-1-1 immediately and care for the person until EMS personnel take over.
In stroke recognition, FAST means:
Face, arm, speech, and Time.
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