5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- Marbury v. Madison (1803)
- Printz v. United States (1997)
- Near v.Minnesota (1931)
- Smith v. Allright (1944)
- a Supreme Court decision holding that the first amendment protects newspapers from prior restraint.
- b Outlawed all white primaries.
- c The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- d This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
- e Using the Necessary and Proper Clause of Article I as justification, Congress CAN NOT require state officials to regulate handgun purchases by performing those duties called for by the Brady Bill's handgun applicant background-checks?
5 Multiple choice questions
- Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
- Federal law designed to prohibit "indecency" on the internet was unconstitutional.
- In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
- Although not phrased as such in the ruling, this case established the "separate but equal" principle as being constitutional and in line with the 14th Amendment. It determined that segregation did not constitute unlawful discrimination.
- All school-sanctioned prayer (in public schools) is unconstitutional because it violates the establishment clause of the 1st Amendment.
5 True/False questions
Miller v. California (1973) → Ruled that obscene materials did not enjoy First Amendment protection. Modified the test for obscenity, holding that "[t]he basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether 'the average person, applying contemporary community standards' would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. . . (b) whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law; and (c) whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value."
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) → By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) → Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954) → Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
U.S. v. Nixon (1974) → Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce. The law is a criminal statute that has nothing to do with "commerce" or any sort of economic activity.