5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954)
- Regents of California v. Bakke (1978)
- Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010)
- a The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- b Death penalty is not "cruel and unusual punishment" in extreme cases such as murder.
- c By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
- d Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
- e Ruled that giving minorities preferential treatment based solely on race was reverse-discrimination and as such was unconstitutional. Race can be a contributing factor but not be the only factor in determining college admissions - there can be no quotas.
5 Multiple choice questions
- States can place restrictions on abortions (viability tests, no use of public facilities for abortions, no counseling to have abortions) but cannot outlaw them.
- More leeway for states in regulation abortion, although it DID NOT overturn Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
- NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
- In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
- This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.
5 True/False questions
Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971) → This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.
Bush v. Gore (2001) → Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election
Tinker v. Des Moines (1969) → In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
Printz v. United States (1997) → In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
Mapp v. Ohio (1961) → NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.