5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Engel v. Vitale (1962)
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
- Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)
- Korematsu v. U.S. (1944)
- a The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- b The court ruled that the ordering of Japanese-Americans into internment camps was constitutional and justified due to circumstances of "emergency and peril."
- c Death penalty is not "cruel and unusual punishment" in extreme cases such as murder.
- d All school-sanctioned prayer (in public schools) is unconstitutional because it violates the establishment clause of the 1st Amendment.
- e In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."
5 Multiple choice questions
- Using the Necessary and Proper Clause of Article I as justification, Congress CAN NOT require state officials to regulate handgun purchases by performing those duties called for by the Brady Bill's handgun applicant background-checks?
- Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce. The law is a criminal statute that has nothing to do with "commerce" or any sort of economic activity.
- Ruled that obscene materials did not enjoy First Amendment protection. Modified the test for obscenity, holding that "[t]he basic guidelines for the trier of fact must be: (a) whether 'the average person, applying contemporary community standards' would find that the work, taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest. . . (b) whether the work depicts or describes, in a patently offensive way, sexual conduct specifically defined by the applicable state law; and (c) whether the work, taken as a whole, lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value."
- In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
- Outlawed all white primaries.
5 True/False questions
Buckley v. Valeo (1976) → Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) → Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
Reno v. ACLU (1996) → Abortion rights fall within the privacy implied in the 14th amendment; established the three trimester standard for abortion procedures.
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010) → By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) → Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election