5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Bush v. Gore (2001)
- McCullough v. Maryland (1819)
- Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
- Buckley v. Valeo (1976)
- Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
- a In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
- b Candidates can use as much of their own money as they want to support their own campaigns.
- c The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
- d Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election
- e Provided for the accused to be notified of their rights (right to counsel, right to an attorney, right to remain silent) before being interrogated by the police.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Gun Free School Zones Act exceeded Congress' authority to regulate interstate commerce. The law is a criminal statute that has nothing to do with "commerce" or any sort of economic activity.
- More leeway for states in regulation abortion, although it DID NOT overturn Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
- Using the Necessary and Proper Clause of Article I as justification, Congress CAN NOT require state officials to regulate handgun purchases by performing those duties called for by the Brady Bill's handgun applicant background-checks?
- Ruled that giving minorities preferential treatment based solely on race was reverse-discrimination and as such was unconstitutional. Race can be a contributing factor but not be the only factor in determining college admissions - there can be no quotas.
- "Executive privilege" is not absolute and is subject to judicial review.
5 True/False questions
Korematsu v. U.S. (1944) → Congress has the right to prohibit speech that causes a "clear and present danger." During wartime, utterances tolerable in peacetime can be punished.
Wesberry v. Sanders (1964) → Reaffirmed the "one person, one vote" decision of the 1962 case of Baker v. Carr when redistricting for federal elections. Each congressional district must be approximately the same in constituent size.
Grutter v. Bollinger (2003) → Race can be used as a factor for admission into a public law school as long as the policy is "narrowly tailored"
Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) → Outlawed Missouri Compromise. Denial of slavery was a 5th amendment property violation. Because African-Americans were NOT considered citizens, they were not protected.
United States v. Morrison (2000) → Congress DOES NOT have the authority to enact the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 under either the Commerce Clause or the Fourteenth Amendment.