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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
  2. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
  3. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KA (1954)
  4. Regents of California v. Bakke (1978)
  5. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010)
  1. a The Sixth Amendment 's guarantee of counsel is a fundamental right, and through the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment, this made it applicable to states, which now had to provide an attorney if a defendant couldn't afford one.
  2. b Death penalty is not "cruel and unusual punishment" in extreme cases such as murder.
  3. c By a 5-to-4 vote along ideological lines, the majority held that under the First Amendment corporate funding of independent political broadcasts in candidate elections cannot be limited.
  4. d Segregation in SCHOOLS is a violation of the 14th amendment, because separate is inherently unequal. This was the beginning of the end for all forms of state-maintained racial separation.
  5. e Ruled that giving minorities preferential treatment based solely on race was reverse-discrimination and as such was unconstitutional. Race can be a contributing factor but not be the only factor in determining college admissions - there can be no quotas.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. States can place restrictions on abortions (viability tests, no use of public facilities for abortions, no counseling to have abortions) but cannot outlaw them.
  2. More leeway for states in regulation abortion, although it DID NOT overturn Roe v. Wade. Upholds MO law prohibiting abortion in public hospitals; shift in composition of court. (Later cases allow 24-hour waiting periods, parental consent for minors, etc.)
  3. NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.
  4. In establishing a national bank, Congress was legally applying the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution, thus exercising powers not specifically delegated to Congress but implied by its enumerated powers.
  5. This case established the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review.

5 True/False questions

  1. Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)This established a three-part test by which governments can determine if their actions violate the Establishment Clause of the constitution: is the Law clearly secular, does neither prohibit nor inhibit religion, and is there excessive gov't. entanglement.

          

  2. Bush v. Gore (2001)Hand-counting in Florida was a violation of Equal Protection clause, made George W. Bush the winner of the 2000 election

          

  3. Tinker v. Des Moines (1969)In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."

          

  4. Printz v. United States (1997)In response to a black armbands worn by students to school protesting the Vietnam, the court ruled that while student rights t can be restricted, "students do not leave their constitutional rights at the schoolhouse door."

          

  5. Mapp v. Ohio (1961)NO racial gerrymandering; race cannot be the sole or predominant factor in redrawing legislative boundaries; majority-minority districts.