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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Renaissance to Age of Absolute Monarchs
Terms in this set (31)
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
An intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements
Foreign soldiers who fought for money
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
A medieval Merchant class person who lived in a town
Everyday language of ordinary people
painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints
introduced in Renaissance art, a point of view or general standpoint from which different things are viewed, physically or mentally; the appearance to the eye of various objects at a given time, place, or distance
Christians who belonged to non-Catholic churches
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and its corruption, which resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
The declaration by the Church that a marriage is null and void, that is, it never existed as a sacramental union. Catholics who divorce must have the marriage annulled by the Church to be free to marry once again in the Church.
a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
papal supremacy (authority)
the claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers
Martin Luther's ideas that he posted on the church door at Wittenburg which questioned the Roman Catholic Church. This act began the Reformation
the faith, practice, and church order of the Protestant churches.
Calvin's religious theory that God has already planned out a person's life.
a division or split
A government controlled by religious leaders
a Church court set up to try people accused of heresy (or going against the church)
Banishment from the church
acceptance into heaven
A state of final purification or cleansing, which one may need to enter following death and before entering Heaven
A Protestant denomination of Christian faith founded by Martin Luther
Protestant sect founded by John Calvin. Emphasized a strong moral code and believed in predestination (the idea that God decided whether or not a person would be saved as soon as they were born).
The intellectual movement in Europe, initially associated with planetary motion and other aspects of physics, that by the seventeenth century had laid the groundwork for modern science.
Earth is the center of the Universe
Sun is the center of the universe
A belief or theory that opinions and actions should be based on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response
A series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions.
Belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.
A system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary position and the king or queen has almost complete power
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