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Religion 7: Morality
Terms in this set (32)
Based on a reality outside of myself; does not depend on my knowledge or opinion of that reality
Based on a reality within myself; depends on what I think and feel about something
What kind of truth are moral principles?
Voluntary, freely chosen
What acts are subject to the moral law (able to be qualified as good or evil)?
Voluntary (freely chosen) actions, which might also be called "human acts"
The quality of actions whereby they are good or evil
What does morality assume?
Human actions are voluntary and there are objective standards by which human actions can and should be measured.
What can and should we judge?
Another person's actions
What are we forbidden (and not able) to judge?
Another person's heart and intentions
Takes us closer to God and our eternal happiness
Leads us further away from God and our eternal happiness
What you actually do
Why you do something
All the other details that surround the action; usually not important, but can be "pulled in" to the morality of the act if they make a difference
For a moral act to be good, what must be good?
The action, intention, and consequences
What are the four levels on the hierarchy of being?
Matter, life, consciousness, and self-consciousness
An example of something that only has matter
An example of something with matter and life
An example of something with matter, life, and consciousness
An example of something with matter, life, consciousness, and self-consciousness
A human being
An example of something with life, consciousness, and self-consciousness (but no matter)
A judgment of reason by which the human person recognizes the moral quality of a particular act
Is the conscience based on thinking or feeling?
It is a judgment, not an emotion (feeling).
Is the conscience the same as the moral law?
No, but it applies moral principles to particular situations.
What does the conscience do before we act?
Prompts us to do good and avoid evil
What does the conscience do while we act?
Makes a judgment about the goodness or evilness of the action under these particular circumstances
What does the conscience do after we act?
Bears witness, and can move us to feel guilt if we recognize we have done something evil
Forming the conscience
When we work to bring our personal judgment into closer conformity with objective moral truths
Ways to form the conscience
Reading Scripture, prayer, studying the teachings of the Church, consulting someone with good judgment, choosing to do what is good
How does a well-formed conscience relate to freedom?
A well-formed conscience makes us more free to choose what is really good for us.
On whose authority does our conscience speak to us?
What does a poorly formed conscience lead to?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Introduction to Catholic Social Teaching
Religion 7: Grace and the Virtues
Religion 8: Cumulative Vocabulary
Religion 8: Virtues and Gifts of the Spirit
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