Upgrade to remove ads
WSU Psych 312 Exam 2
Terms in this set (51)
Design #1 is__while Design #2 is a __
a. Between-subjects design; Within-subject design
The major advantage of Design #1 is__ while the major advantage of Design #2 is __
Avoiding order effects; Eliminating pre-existing differences
Which of the following is a major concern for how Design #1 is currently set up?
Pre-existing differences between conditions
What is wrong with this sentence? "It was determined by the committee that the report was inconclusive."
It sounds awkward because it is written in the passive voice.
The main point of the Introduction section is to...
Indicate what the hypothesis of the study was and why
Why do researchers have to ensure participants that their data will be kept either anonymous or confidential?
To ensure that sensitive information will not become public
A researcher conducted an experiment to investigate the effects of noise on the performance of employees in a manufacturing plant. In this study, the independent variable is
A clinical psychologist conducted an experiment to examine the effects of three therapeutic approaches on post-traumatic stress disorder. He assigned participants randomly to one of three experimental conditions or to a control group that received no treatment. He then collected measures of stress, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and hostility. How many conditions are in this experiment?
Which of the following statements regarding independent variables is true?
they must have two or more levels
An accomplice of the researcher who poses as another participant is a
In a study of the effects of exercise on cardiovascular fitness, a sport psychologist randomly assigned participants to one of four groups. Participants engaged in aerobic exercise for either 0, 15, 30, or 60 minutes three days a week for three months. Which of the following statements is true about this study?
participants in the control group did not exercise
A question that asks participants to rate the independent variable is a (an)
Independent variable is to subject variable as __________ is to __________.
When simple random assignment is used
each participant has an equal probability of being placed in any experimental condition
A researcher has 80 participants for a study that involves four experimental conditions. If she assigns participants to conditions using matched random assignment, how many matched clusters or blocks will she form before assigning participants to conditions?
. Which of the following is an advantage of within-subjects designs over between-subjects designs?
they require fewer participants
To guard against order effects, researchers use
A Latin Square design is used to control for
A "perfect" experiment maximizes _______ variance and minimizes _______ variance.
Variance in participants' scores that is not due to the independent variable is either _________ variance or __________ variance.
can not be distinguished from confound variance
The degree to which a researcher draws accurate conclusions about the effects of an independent variable refers to a study's
Differential attrition threatens internal validity because
participants differ between the experimental groups
Which of the following is used to eliminate demand characteristics?
Why must error variance be minimized in an experiment?
it obscures the effects of the independent variable
The "experimenter's dilemma" refers to the trade-off between
treatment and error variance
A researcher conducted an experiment to investigate the effects of noise on the performance of employees in a manufacturing plant. In this study, the dependent variable is
A researcher who uses a cost-benefit analysis will decide to conduct a piece of research if
the expected benefits of the study outweigh its potential costs
The group that directly oversees research involving human participants at most colleges and universities is the
Institutional Review Board
The principle of informed consent requires that participants be told
about aspects of the study that might influence their willingness to participate
Risk that is no greater than that ordinarily encountered in daily life is called _______ risk.
How do most participants react to the use of deception in behavioral research?
most regard it as a necessary part of some research
Which of the following is not a case of scientific misconduct?
All of these are cases of scientific misconduct
What is wrong with this reference, according to APA formatting?
McFarland, C., & Ross, M. Impact of causal attributions on affective reactions to success and failure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 937-946. doi:10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1687
botch b and c
Of the decisions an editor can make regarding a paper that has been submitted for publication, which is the most common?
reject the paper
Researchers who present their research at professional conferences may do so in either a paper session or a _________ session.
Why must researchers be careful about using information that they find on the internet?
it has often not been peer reviewed
Which of the following is not a characteristic of good scientific writing?
Which of the following sentences is not grammatically correct?
The data was analyzed with a t-test.
According to APA guidelines,
gender-free language should always be used
According to APA guidelines, which phrase should be used to refer to people who have a psychological problem or mental illness?
people who have a mental illness
Among other things, the introduction of a research article should
clearly state the question or hypothesis under investigation
Which of the following is not part of the method section of a research article?
According to APA style, where do tables and figures appear in a manuscript?
at the end of the paper
If you were citing an article published in 1990 by Borwick, Anderson, and Williams, how would you cite it in the text of a research article?
Borwick, Anderson, and Williams (1990)
If you were using an article by Howard, Howard, and Fine (1936), how would you cite it the second time it appeared in the text?
don't know ??
What is wrong with the following reference?
Schlenker, B. R. (1980). Impression management. Brooks/Cole: Monterey, CA.
the order of the city and publisher are reversed
What is wrong with the following reference?
Cooper, E. (2000). Social eccentricities. In C. Van Pelt (Ed.), The strange ones among us. New York, NY: Mountain Press.
page numbers for the chapter are missing
According to APA style, page numbers should appear
in the upper right corner of the page
Of the people who contributed to a research paper, the person listed as first author is generally the one who
made the greatest scientific contribution
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Psych 312 WSU Exam 2
Practice Questions (270)
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
FI 302 Test 2
chap 7 part I
Chemistry Module 15 Study Guide
Electrolyte practice quiz