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95 terms

anatomoy quiz myology

vocabulary only
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abdomino-pelvic septum
same as the phrenic or diaphragm
abduction
- the process of moving a body part away from the mid line of the body
adduction
the process of moving a body part toward the mid line of the body
adductor brevis muscle
one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group
adductor longus muscle
one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group medial border of femoral triangle
adductor magnus muscle
one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group point where popiteal muscle begins
anterior tibial artery
formed by a bifurcation of the popiteal artery at the popiteal muscle
arch of the aorta
extension of ascending aorta has three brancheso the brachiocephalic innominate, left common carotid and left subclavian continudes to become the descending thorasic aorta
ascending aorta
the aorta that begins at the aortic value becomes the arch of the aorta has two branches the coronary arteries
ascending pharyngeal artery
one of the arteries branching from the external carotid artery goes to the pharynxg
atrial septum
the wall between the two atriums of the heart in the fetus there is hole in the wall that must close after birth
axillary artery
extension of the subclavian begins at the 1st rib and ends at he tendon to the terres major muscle becomes the brachial
brachial artery
extension of the axillary begins at the tendon of the terres major muscles bifurcates at the fossa elbow radial and ulna
buccinator
trumpeter muscle in the face - the cheeks
cheek
zygomaticus
circumduction
ability to do a 360 degree motion
common carotid arteries
right side branch of the bracheocephalic and left side branch of the arch of the aorta bifurcates into the internal and external carotid
common facial artery
- branch of the external carotid provides blood to face
connective tissue
- basic type of tissue - bone, tendons, fascia, cartilage, ligaments, adipose, blood and lymph
coronary arteries
branches of the ascending aorta right and left to the heart
coronary sinus
vein that drains the heart muscle
corrugator
frontal bone muscle for frowning
deltoid
- triangle shaped muscle of shoulder
depth
same as central -used in reference to organs or vessels in body
descending abdominal aorta
- alternative name for abdominal aorta
descending thoracic aorta
continuation of the arch of the aorta that becomes the abdominal
dorsalis pedis artery
- artery on the superior part of the foot extension of the anterior tibial artery becomes the arcuate
endocardium
inside layer layer of the heart
epicardium
outside layer of the heart
epicranius
- same as the occipitofrontalis
epithelial tissue
- linings and coverings of the body - produces secretions to lubricate and protect surface
extension
cause the body part to extend or straightout increase the angle
extensor
same as extension - cause the body part to extend or straight out increase the angle
external oblique
abdomen an antero-lateral muscle outer most layer
external pterygoid
one of the pterygoid muscles - muscle of mastification the mandible external
fascia
a type of connective tissue
femoral artery
- extension of the external iliac at the inquinal ligament that connects to the popitela at the adductus major muscle goes through hunter's canal
flexion
same as flexor bending a body part - lesson reduce decrease an angle
gastrocnemius muscle
muscle of posterior lower leg calf attached by Achilles tendon
gluteus maximus
lower extremity - hips biggest muscle in hips
gracilis
- one of the medial femoral muscles in the adductor group
inguinal ligament
- landmark where external inguinal artery becomes femoral
insertion
is the moveable or distal end of a muscle - the part that moves when contracted
internal oblique
abdominal the second layer of antero-lateral mucles run at an angle to medial line
lateral pterygoid
one the pterygoid muscles - muscles of mastification mandible lateral
lateral rectus
- lateral muscle of the eye
latissimus dorsi
largest muscle of trunk, broadest muscle of back
ligaments
fibrous connective tissue stabilize diarthritic joint - help hold two bones in position
lower extremity
- leg
masseter muscle
another of the chewing muscles at the zygomatic arch and mandible
mediastinum
the space in the thoracic cavity between the lungs for the heart and other organs
mesencephalon
the mid-brain
muscle tissue
three types , skeleton - striated, visceral - smooth, combination - cardiac
mycology
- the study of fungus
myocardium
the muscle of the heart
myology
- study of muscles
nephron
- the functional unit of the kidney found in the cortex and medulla composed of renal corpulse and renal tube
nervous tissue
one of four basic types of tissue of the body - makes up the nerves of the body
neuron
a single nerve cell composed of three parts cell body, dendrites and axons, primary building block of nerve system
orbicularis oculi
spinchter muscle of the eye
orbicularis oris
spinchter muscle of the mouth
origin
- in muscles the point of attachment of a muscle that does not move
osteocyte
- bone cell
osteology
study of bones
pectoralis major
- anterior chest wall close to surface
periosteum
the membrane that makes the bones slippery
phrenic muscle
same as the diaphragm
platysma
- the large broad flat muscle of the neck
popliteal artery
the artery that is extension of the femur and becomes the anterior and postiteio tibial artery
posterior auricular artery
an extension of the external carotid providing blood supply behind the ear
posterior tibial artery
an extensionof the popitela artery goes down the back of the leg ad bbifurcates into the medial and lateral plantar arteries give branch to the peroneal artery
pronator
- same as pronation turn the palms over from the anatomical position palms face down
psoas major
- inside back wall of the behind the organs land mark for the point for bifurcation of the iguinal artery
psoas minor
- inside back wall of the behind the organs psoas major muscle land mark for the point for bifurcation of the iguinal artery
quadratus labii superioris
- same as the levlator labii superioris - sneer muscle elevates upper lip
quadriceps femoris
- part of the anterior femoral muscles composed of four parts - rectus, vastus lateralis, vestus medialis, vestus intermidus
radial artery
lateral artery of the forearm - extension of the bracial and becomes the deep polmar
rectus abdominis
abdomen anterior medial muscle
renal arteries
- paired arteries to the kidneys from the abdominal aorta
right atrium
chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends - superior vena cava, inferior vena cava and coronary sinus all empty here
right ventricle
where pulmonary circulation begins
risorius
facial muscle produes false smile
rotation
- turn on an axis, turn head side to side
sacrospinalis
- same as erector spinae - part of the back keeps spine straight
sartorius muscle
- also called the tailor muscle lateral side of the femoral triangle
soleus
part of the posterior leg muscles
sternocleidomastoid
- the muscle on either side of the neck location for the common carotid
subclavian artery
on the left side branch of the arch of aorta, on the right side an extension of the brachiocephalic becomes the axillary on both sides
supinator
same as supination turns the palm face up to the anatomical position
syndesmology
the study of ligaments
tendons
the part of the muscles that attaches the belly of the muscle to fixed point origin or insertion point moveable
transversus
crosswise, laying across the long axis of the body or part
trapezius
back outermost layer back of shoulders and neck- moves in two directions
vastus lateralis
- thigh anterior femoral part of the quadricipes femoris
visceral pericardium
same as the epicardium -outer layer of the heart