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Terms in this set (45)
According to Myers text, psychology is defined as:
the science of behavior and mental process
3 tools that psychologists use to study human behavior are:
surveys and interviews, case studies, naturalistic observations
How are correlation and causation connected?
Correlation indicates possible causation
THE SMALL SPACE BETWEEN the axon fiber of one neuron and the dendrites of the next neuron is known as the ______.
A branch of psychology, proposed by Carl Rogers, that focuses on how patients feel in the present and offers unconditional positive regard is known as_________________.
The protective sheath around axons that speeds neurotransmission is the:
BEST describe "the unconscious"
Structures that exist below the level of conscious thought that influence our behavior
Relating to the function of neurons and the sending and receiving of electrical impulses, dendrite fibers _____________ the electrical charge, and axon fibers __________________ the electrical charge.
The brief electrical charge known as the "action potential" fires relatively fast, and there is no delay between a sensation and the conscious perception of that sensation.
Way(s) that researchers insure psychological surveys provide accurate self-reported information
Large sample sizes;
careful wording of questions
Neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine help the action potential flow through the __________.
This early psychological researcher studied people's reaction times and determined that conscious awareness takes longer than reactive thought.
This early branch of psychology focused less on personal introspection and more on a person's behavior because behavior is easier to observe and measure.
Mr. Play It Safe was afraid to fly. He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids good-bye. He waited his whole dang life to take that flight, and as the plane crashed down he thought, "Well, isn't this nice." Mr. Play It Safe also thought, "I knew this was going to happen. I had a bad feeling about this flight when I left the house this morning." Mr. Play It Safe is experiencing which error in critical thinking?
Which part of the autonomic nervous system arouses the body and expends energy?
Sympathetic nervous system
The endocrine system sends hormones through the body using the _________.
Which part of the brain instructs the pituitary gland to engage the endocrine system?
The part of the brain that coordinates movement and controls sleep is the ________.
In this stage of sleep, the brain emits delta waves.
As you sleep through the night, REM cycles shorten and eventually disappear.
People who suffer with narcolepsy will unexpectedly fall into this sleep cycle for a short period of time.
Behavior geneticists study fraternal twins because they:
Have different genetic codes but share the same environmental experiences
Another way to understand "Nature and Nurture" is:
"Genes and Environment"
When neuroscientists use the term "plasticity" in reference to the brain, they are referring to the brain's ability to _______________.
Consciousness is defined as:
Our awareness of ourselves and our environment
Night terrors, which are most common with children, occur during which sleep cycle?
In dream analysis, Sigmund Freud focused more on the __________________ of the dream while Carl Jung focused more on the ____________________ of the dream.
objective material;subjective material
Bill is driving down the freeway while having a heated conversation on the phone with his brother. When the conversation comes to an end and he hangs up the phone, he realizes that he missed the exit for his neighborhood. Bill experienced and example of what mental phenomenon?
Which of the following is not considered and altered state of consciousness?
Research shows that the environment shared by a family's children has virtually no discernible impact on their personalities.
Female egg production begins with the onset of puberty (between the ages of 9 and 12).
The developing human organism from two weeks to two months after conception is known as:
Psychologist Jean Piaget spent his life trying to understand what process?
The period of adolescence starts with ____________ and ends with _______________.
sexual maturity ; independence
A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span is known as:
The sense of ___________________________ is the human sense that has the lowest difference threshold (i.e. the sense that is most sensitive and able to distinguish a difference between two stimuli)
A mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another is the definition of a(n):
Sensory stimuli that we are unable to distinguish 50% of the time are known as:
Jim has a dog named Scrappy. Scrappy got sprayed by a skunk two days ago. At first, the smell was unbearable, but now Jim can't smell it. When his friends come to visit his house, they immediately notice the smell even though Jim doesn't. Jim is experiencing:
In Mary Ainsworth's Strange Situation experiment, researchers focus on which aspect of the child's interactions with the parent to determine the child's attachment style?
The reunion of child and parent
In Erik Erikson's theory of human development, what did he identify as the main conflict for "Old Age" (65-death)?
Integrity vs. Despair
Primary sex characteristics include:
Reproductive organs and external genitalia
A person born with primary sex characteristics of both males and females is known as:
Collectivist cultures display a higher rate of depression, loneliness, and divorce.
In the search for identity, adolescents:
-are easily influenced by peers
-develop social identity
-test out various roles
-fall victim to the "herd mentality"
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