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Properties of language
Symbolic representation of things, concepts, and ideas (words or gestures). Words are arbritrary pairings between sounds, symbols, and meaning.
3-10 months development
Cooing and babbling, phonemes @ 3 months, phenomes of household words @ 12 months, understand words at 7-8 months
Telegraphic speech: give doll
fast mapping: children map a word onto a concept after only one exposure
able to reflect on speech, understand puns, jokes, and sarcasm
Language learned through reinforcement
vocab is shaped with reinforcers until correct
imitation is used for syntax
Native propensity for language
there are an infinited number of sentences--could not imitate
children overgeneralixr syntax rules (eated)
parents respond to meaning and factual accuracy, not grammar
Language acquisition device (LAD)
Innate mechanism or process thar facilitates the learning of language
brain strictures and neural wiring leave humans prepared to distinguish phonemes, morphemes, and to acquire rules of syntax
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