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Medical Terminology (Suffixes)

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Suffixes
word elements that are attached to the end of roots and combining forms to add to or change their meaning
*all medical terms have a suffix
-ac,-al,-ar,-ary,-eal,-iac,-ic,-ical,-ose,-ous,-tic
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove flid
-cide
to kill, destroy
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
removal of
-gram
record
-graph
an instrument used to record
-graphy
process of recording
-ia
condition, esp. and abnormal state
-ism
condition
-itis
inflammation of
-lithiasis
presence of or formation of stones
-logy
study of
-megaly
enlargement
-oid
resembling
-oma
tumor
-otomy
surgical incision
-pathy
disease
-plasy
surgical repair
-plegia
paralysis
-pnea
breathing, respiration
-rrhea
drainage, flow
-scope
examination, instrument
-scopy
examination using a scope
-stasis
stoppage
-stomy
surgically create an artificial mouth or stoma (opening)
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
cellular
pertaining to the cell
psychotic
pertaining to psychosis
neuralgia
pain along a nerve
amniocentesis
insertion of needle to withdraw sample of amniotic fluid
germicide
chemical substance that kills germs
leukocyte
white blood cell
gastrectomy
removal of part or all of the stomach
bacteremia
bacteria i nteh blood
electrocardiogram
record of the electrial activity of the heart
electrocardiograph
instrument that records electrical variations in cardiac muscle activity
electrocardiography
the making and study of electrocardiograms
tachycardia
condition of abnormal rapid heart rate
hypothyroidism
condition created by less than normal levels of thyroid hormones
carditis
inflammation of the heart
cholelithiasis
presence of stones in the gallbladder
cardiology
study of the heart
hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
rheumatoid
resembling rheumatism
myoma
tumor containing muscle tissue
tracheotomy
incision into trachea
encephalopathy
disorder of the brain
rhinoplasty
plastic surgery of hte nose
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side (half) of the body
apnea
temporary cessation of breathing
rhinorrhea
drainage from the nose
otoscope
instrument used to examine the ear
sigmoidoscopy
examination of hte sigmoid colon using a scope
venstasis
stoppage of blood in an extremity
colostomy
surgical opening into the colon to create a stoma