26 terms

Chapter 13 Test Sloutions

Defintions offrim chapter 13
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Stirring
One way to increase the rate at which a substance dissolves is _____ it.
Chromatography
Separates components of a mixture based on how quickly different molecules dissolved in a mobile phase move along a solid phase.
Surface area
A way to increase the rate at which a substance dissolves is to increase its ___
Centrifuge
Used to separate mixtures by spinning rapidly causing the denser materials to go the bottom of the tube
Solute
The material that gets dissolved when forming a solution
Polar
Ionic solutes can be dissolved in a ____ solvent
Henry's law
___ states that at constant temperature, the solubility of a gas in liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of the gas on the surface of the liquid
Distillation
Separating components of a mixture based on their boiling points
Super Saturated
Contains more than the maximum amount of solute dissolved in a given amount of solvent for those conditions
Immiscible
Two or more liquids that do not mix with each other are_
Temperature
A way to increase the rate at which a solute dissolves is to increase the __of the solvent
Screening
Separates components of a mixture based on the size of the particles
Chemical nature
whether a substance dissolves in each other depends on their ___
Molarity
A concentration involving moles of solute per liter of solution
Solution
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances uniformly dispersed throughout a single phase.
Magnet
You can use a ___ to separate, iron, nickel or cobalt from a mixture.
Saturated
A ___ contains the maximum amount of solute dissolved in the given amount of solvent.
Solubility Equilibrium
Occurs when solute particles are dissolving and crystallizing at the same rate.
Pressure
__ and temperature affect the solubility of gases
Temperature
_____ Affects the solubility of substance.
Non-polar
A non-polar solute will dissolve in a non-polar substance.
Colloid
A mixture consisting of tiny particles that are intermediate in size between those in solutions and those in suspensions that suspended in a liquid, solid, or gas.
Solvent
The substance that does the dissolving when making a solution.
Solubility
The ability of one substance to dissolve into another at a given temperature and pressure.
Suspension
A mixture in which the different parts spontaneously separate over time.
Miscible
If a solution can have more solute dissolved into it, it is called ___ supercalifragilisticexpialidocious supercalifragilisticexpialidocious