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Terms in this set (35)
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
A commodore in the American navy. He forced Japan into opening its doors to trade, thus brining western influence to Japan while showing American might.
A war fought between Britain and China over the trading of the addictive drug, Opium.
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by a united force of American and European troops.
Rights that guaranteed foreign residents could follow the laws of their own government rather than those of the host country.
Open Door Policy
A law proposed by the United States that allowed all merchants of all nations to trade freely with China and it protected China from colonazation.
Sphere of Influence
A foreign region in which a nation has control over trade and other economic activities.
An Indian Soilder
Jewel of the Crown
India, Britains valuble colony because Britain was the world's workshop and India was the greatest supplier of raw materials.
The period of time from 1867 to 1912, where the Japanese were under a new form of government. The leader tried to end Japan's problems by modernizing, and sending statesmen to Europe and North America to study foreign ways. This helped strengthen economic and military power.
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. This company controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for more than 200 years.
1854-1868 peasant led 14 year-long rebellion in China; demanded equality, no private propery, dividing of harvest (they lost) Peasents were led by Hong Xiuquan and during the rebellion had captured the city of Nanjing.
A policy that was based on the idea that in time, the local populations would become absorbed into another culture.
A policy of treating subject people as if they were children, providing for their needs but not giving them rights.
A country or territory with its own internal government but under control of an outside government.
Sepoy Rebellion (1857)
Revolt of Indian soldiers against the British; triggered by a military practice in violation of the Muslim and Hindu faiths
The British Raj
The name was given to the period and territory of direct British colonial rule in South Asia between 1858 and 1947--from the time of the attempted Indian Revolt (Sepoy Mutiny) to the Independence of India.
treaties between China and the Western powers after the Opium War that vastly favored the Western powers
In feudal Japan, a noble ruler. They were the military commanders and the actual rulers of Japan for many centuries while the Emperor was a powerless spiritual figure.
Special rights given to foreign powers in the Ottoman Empire
A human-made waterway, which was opened in 1869, connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea
Leader of Egyptian modernization in the early nineteenth century. He ruled Egypt as an Ottoman governor, but had imperial ambitions. His descendants ruled Egypt until overthrown in 1952.
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.
an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations
(1853-1856) Russian war against Ottomans for control of the Black Sea; intervention by Britain and France caused Russia to lose; Russians realize the need to industrialize.
Ram Mohun Roy
"Father of Modern India" modern thinking, tried to move India towards independence and away from traditional ideas
This empire was centered in north India led by Muslims
Dutch East India Company
A company founded by the Dutch in the early 17th century to establish and direct trade throughout Asia. Richer and more powerful than England's company, they drove out the English and Established dominance over the region.
King that modernized Siam
Filipino who was lead both the Philippine revolution against Spain and then against the United States
late 19th century movement in China to counter the challenge from the West; led by provincial leaders. It was largely unsuccessful.
(1904-1905) War between Russia and Japan over imperial possessions. Japan emerges victorious.
The Meiji Emperor
a war between China and Japan for influence, power, and territory
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