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connects ear cavity to nasopharynx, aerates ear cavity, directs mucous to nasopharynx
sheets of connective tissues, suspend organs, provide bridges for ducts, veins, holds together coils of small intestine
builds up immunity, produces T cells, prevents cancer, on top of trachea, on both sides
upper area of heart, secretes thyroxine and calcito enzymes, makes proteins, controls metabolic use of energy, influences growth & development
bile & enzymes enter, 1st part of S.I., has bile ducts, gets secretion from pancreas and liver
Posterior Vena Cavae
underside of heart, carries de-oxy blood from lower body regions into right atria
recieves blood from R atria, takes blood to main pulmonary artery after pulmonary trunk
carries de-oxy blood to lungs UNIQUE - (arteries usually carry oxy-rich blood, but since this blood is going Away from heart, it's called an artery)
takes oxy-rich blood back to left atria UNIQUE - (veins usually carry deoxy blood, but since this blood is going To heart, it's called a vein)
largest artery, carries blood to abdomen region, splits off into two arteries, provides blood pressure
Anterior/Cranial Vena Cavae
blood from head, neck, arm chest, carries de-oxy blood from these places to right atria
Pathway of Blood
Right Atria - Right Ventricle - Pulmonary Trunk - Pulmonary Artery - Lungs - Pulmonary Vein - Left Atria - Left Ventricle - Aorta - Body
Hepatic Portal System
nutrient-rich blood from mesenteric veins flow into a single mesenteric vein joins with lienogastric/gastrosplenic vein from spleen and stomach & becomes the hepatic portal vein
small sac at end of bronchiole, densely surrounded by blood-carrying capillaries, diffusion of O2 into blood
remove metabolic waste from blood (urea), monitor and adjust composition of blood (so cells are bathed in constant composition) Not in peritoneal cavity
outermost portion of kidney, contains glomeruli, browman's capsules, proximal convoluted tubes, distal convoluted tubes
Proximal Convoluted Tubules
connects to browman's capsule, takes through kidney, turns into distal convoluted tubule
coiled segment of the spermatic ducts that serves to store, mature and transport sperm between the testis and the vas deferens
supports testis and scrotum, extends to inguinal rings, connective tissue covered in arteries and veins
testicular vein, comes from testis, joins with those of epididymis and joins with spermatic artery to form a trunk that leads into the vena cava
Bulbourethral (Cowper's) Glands
secretes fluid to moisturize urethra and let sperm through, neutralizes urethra acid so as not to kill sperm
Urogenital Sinus/ Vaginal Vestibule
protrusion below anus, not th actual genital papilla, not present in adult females
slightly constricted region of tissue which leads to uterus, acts as a sphincter to separate the vagina from the uterus
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