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error on meiosis in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed and reattached to the same chromosome
error on meiosis in which the order of the genes in a section of a chromosome is reversed and reattached to a different chromosome
mutation that occurs in the gametes, can't affect the organism but can be passed to its offspring
somatic cell mutation
mutation that occurs in the skin cell, can affect the organism but can't be passed to its offspring
a mutation that gives way for nondisjunction, deletion, inversion, duplication, or translocation
a mutation in the sequence of the bases in a gene
changes the structure of the polypeptide that the gene codes for
a mutation that affects a single nucleotide by substituting one nucleotide for another one
a mutation that affects the reading frame because of an addition or subtraction of a nucleotide
human genome project
a research effort to sequence and locate the entire collection of genes in human cells
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