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15 terms

Carbon Compounds/Thursday quiz

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Organic Compounds
compounds that contain carbon also known as carbon compounds
Hydrocarbon
An organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
Fossil Fuel
fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
Polymers
large carbon compound made up of monomers. It has long chains of carbons, just like a necklace made of beads.
Monomers
the building blocks of polymers
Carbon Compound
Compounds made up of carbon
Amino Acids
building blocks of proteins,
Nucleic Acids
DNA and RNA
Proteins
carbon compounds made up of amino acids, you can find it in eggs and meat
Acids
compounds that form hydrogen ions when dissolved in water
Bases
compounds that produce hydroxide ( OH) ions in water.
Neutralization Reaction
a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base interact with the formation of a salt
ph Scale
measurement system used to indicate the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) in solution; ranges from 0 to 14
Indicator
A compound that changes color when in contact with an acid or base
Salts
compounds made of a metal and nonmetal that are formed when acids and bases react