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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Civil War Test Review
Terms in this set (21)
Which argument did President Abraham Lincoln use against the secession of the Southern States?
- Slavery was not profitable
- The government was a union of people and not of states.
- The Southern States did not permit their people to vote on secession.
- As the Commander in Chief, he had the duty to defend the United States against foreign invasion.
2.) The government was a union of people and not of states.
The abolitionist movement, the women's suffrage movement, and the 1960's civil rights movement are all examples of reform efforts that
- succeeded without causing major controversy
- developed significant popular support
- achieved their goals without government action
- failed to affect the nation as a whole
2.) developed significant popular support
Which statement best explains President Abraham Lincoln's justification for the Civil War?
- As an abolitionist, President Lincoln wanted to end slavery in the United States.
- President Lincoln wanted to keep the South economically dependent on the industrial North.
- President Lincoln's oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union.
- To keep the support of Great Britain and France, President Lincoln had to try to end slavery immediately.
3.) President Lincoln's oath of office required him to defend and preserve the Union.
A major result of the Civil War was that the
- economic system of the South came to dominate the United States economy
- Federal Government's power over the States was strengthened
- members of Congress from Southern States gained control of the legislative branch
- nation's industrial development came to a standstill
2.)Federal Government's power over the States was strengthened
Sectional differences developed in the United States largely because
- the Federal Government adopted a policy of neutrality
- economic conditions and interests in each region varied
- only northerners were represented at the Constitutional Convention
- early Presidents favored urban areas over rural areas
2.) economic conditions and interests in each region varied
"By the 1850's, the Constitution, originally framed as an instrument of national unity, had become a source of sectional discord."
This quotation suggests that
- vast differences of opinion existed over the issue of States rights
- the Federal Government had become more interested in foreign affairs than in domestic problems
- the Constitution had no provisions for governing new territories
- the Southern States continued to import slaves
1.) vast differences of opinion existed over the issue of States rights
Early in his Presidency, Abraham Lincoln declared that his primary goal as President was to
- enforce the Emancipation Proclamation
- preserve the Union
- end slavery throughout the entire country
- encourage sectionalism
2.) preserve the Union
The rulings of the Supreme Court in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857), Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), and Korematsu v. United States (1944) all demonstrate that the Supreme Court has
- continued to extend voting rights to minorities
- protected itself from internal dissent
- sometimes failed to protect the rights of minorities
- often imposed restrictions on free speech during wartime
3.) sometimes failed to protect the rights of minorities
"Compromise Enables Maine and Missouri To Enter Union" (1820)
"California Admitted to Union as Free State" (1850)
"Kansas-Nebraska Act Sets Up Popular Sovereignty" (1854)
Which issue is reflected in these headlines?
- enactment of protective tariffs
- extension of slavery
- voting rights for minorities
- universal public education
2.) extension of slavery
Before the Civil War, slavery expanded in the South rather than in the North because
- the Constitution contained a clause that outlawed the importation of slaves into the Northern states
- Congress passed a law forbidding slavery in the North
- Northern states passed affirmative action legislation
- geographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large plantations
4.) geographic conditions in the South encouraged the development of large plantations
Which phrase best completes the title for the partial outline shown below? I. Reasons for the ______________________ A. Increasing sectionalism B. Disagreements over states' rights issues C. Breakdown of compromise D. Election of 1860
- Start of the Revolutionary War
- Adoption of the Bill of Rights
- Failure of the Whiskey Rebellion
- Secession of Southern States from the Union
4.) Secession of Southern States from the Union
"A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free." -Abraham Lincoln, 1858 According to this quotation, Abraham Lincoln believed that
- slavery was immoral and should be abolished immediately
- sectional differences threatened to destroy the Union
- the Southern states should be allowed to secede
- to save the nation, the North should compromise with the South on slavery
2.) sectional differences threatened to destroy the Union
"A house divided against itself cannot stand. . . . I do not expect the Union to be dissolved; I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. . . ." -Abraham Lincoln, 1858 The "divided house" referred to in this speech was caused primarily by
- war with Mexico
- the suffrage movement
The election results shown on this map most clearly reflect the influence of
- nationalist motives
- sectional differences
- political stability
- ethnic conflicts
2.) sectional differences
As the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln stated that his primary goal was to
- end slavery
- set new national boundaries
- increase congressional powers
- preserve the Union
4.) preserve the Union
The Civil War affected the northern economy by
- causing a severe depression
- increasing unemployment rates
- decreasing demand for agricultural products
- stimulating industrialization
4.) stimulating industrialization
Which statement is best supported by the data in the table?
- The Confederate troops lost the Civil War as a result of their higher numbers of injuries and fatalities.
- The Union army had better generals during the Civil War.
- The Civil War had more casualties than any other war.
- More soldiers died from disease than from wounds.
4.) More soldiers died from disease than from wounds.
The North's rapid economic growth during the Civil War was stimulated by
- the elimination of taxes on defense industries
- a reduction in the number of immigrants
- increased government demand for many products
- enslaved persons filling industrial jobs
3.) increased government demand for many products
Prior to the Civil War, abolitionists reacted to the situation described in the poster by
- supporting the Underground Railroad
- opposing the Emancipation Proclamation
- banning freed slaves from Northern states
- proposing a stricter fugitive slave law
1.) supporting the Underground Railroad
What is the most accurate title for this map?
- Closing the Frontier
- Results of Reconstruction
- A Nation Divided
- Compromise of 1850
3.) A Nation Divided
In the 1850s, why did many runaway slaves go to Canada?
- They feared being drafted into the Northern army.
- The Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the United States.
- More factory jobs were available in Canada.
- Northern abolitionists refused to help fugitive slaves.
2.) The Fugitive Slave Act kept them at risk in the United States.
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