Key Terms for WWII
Terms in this set (32)
prejudice and descrimination against Jewish people
A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator. First found in Italy by Mussolini.
German lightning warfare. Characterized by highly mobility and concentrated forces at point of attack.
Neutrality Act 1939
European democracies might buy American war materials on a "cash-and-carry basis"; improved American moral and economic position
U.S. Army group established during World War II so that women could serve in noncombat roles
Wartime agreement between the United States and Mexico to import farm workers to meet a perceived manpower shortage; the agreement was in effect from 1941 to 1947.
Office of war info- promote patriotism, warn about foreign spies, propoganda abroad
the American navy attacked islands held by the Japanese in the Pacific Ocean. The capture of each successive island from the Japanese brought the American navy closer to an invasion of Japan.
Placed severe restrictions of Jews, prohibited from marrying non- Jews, attending schools or universities, holding government jobs, practicing law or medicine or publishing books.
a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
44nd Regimental Combat Team
comprised of all Nisei (born in U.S. & U.S. citizen), fought in Italy, and became the most decorated unit in U.S. Military history
Satisfying the demands of dissatisfied powers in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
military alliance formed by Italy and Germany in 1936; later joined by other countries. Fought against the allied powers in WWII
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country whose defense the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
surrendering to your enemies on their terms - no negotiations
confinement during wartime
Rosie the Riveter
symbol of American women who went to work in factories during the war
a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
Night of Broken Glass, Nov 9 1938 night when the Nazis killed or injured many jews & destroyed many jewish propertys
German camp created solely for the purpose of mass murder, especially of Jews
Executive Order 9066
the order to send the Japonese to internment camps
in 1938 agreement in which Britain and France appeased Hitler by agreeing that Germany could annex the Sudetenland, a German speaking region of Czechoslovakia
1939-Secret agreement between German leader Hitler and Soviet Leader Stalin not to attack one another and to divide Poland
an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
332 Fighter Group famous for shooting down over 200 enemy planes. African American pilots who trained at the Tuskegee flying school.
a limited portion or allowance of food or goods; limitation of use
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
War Refugee Board
Federal agency created in 1944 to try to help save Eastern European Jews