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Kamien Part 4 Classical

Classical Era
STUDY
PLAY
An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures may be found in which period of music?
Classical
One way in which music from the classical era differs from the Baroque is that...
there is a fluctuation in mood
Classical melodies sound balanced because
they are made up of two phrases of the same length
The piano began to be widely used by
1775
In the classical orchestra, which section was considered the most important?
strings
A classical form written in 2-4 movements for one or two instruments is called:
a sonata
Joseph Haydn was content to spend most of his life
serving a wealthy aristocratic family.
In the classical period, comic operas sometimes
ridiculed the aristocracy
Haydn's contract of employment shows that he was considered
a skilled servant
Social mobility during the classical period was
an important factor in the rise of the middle class
Vienna in 1800
was the fourth-largest city in Europe, had a population of almost 250,000, and was the seat of the Holy Roman Empire
In Vienna, Haydn and Mozart
became close friends
In the classical period, serious composition was flavored by
folk and popular music
The prospering middle class in the classical period sought aristocratic luxuries such as
theater, literature, and music
The Concert des Amateurs, an organization in Paris devoted to presenting public concerts, was conducted in the 1770s by
the Chevalier de Saint-Georges
Sonata form should be viewed as
a set of principles that serve to shape and unify contrasts of theme and key
In the exposition of a sonata-form movement
the second theme is in a new key
\Sonata form is used frequently as the form for the ________ movement of a multi-movement work.
fast, slow, and final fast
In the recapitulation of a sonata-form movement
all the principal material is in the tonic key
At the end of a classical exposition there usually is a
repeat sign
Theme-and-variations form may be schematically outlined as
AA'A''A'''A''''
Each successive variation in a theme with variations
retains some elements of the theme
The ________ movement of Haydn's Surprise Symphony is in theme-and-variations form.
second
The minuet is generally the _____ movement of a classical symphony.
third
The minuet as a whole may be outlined as
AABB
In many of Beethoven's works, there is a _________ movement instead of the minuet.
scherzo
The minuet first appeared around 1650 as a(n)
dance at the court of Louis XIV of France
The character of the minuet is best described as
stately and dignified
The scherzo differs from the minuet in that it
moves more quickly
As is typical in classical music, the double bass part in Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik
sounds an octave lower than the cello part
Because of its character, the rondo most often serves as a
finale
A common rondo pattern is
ABCBA
The main theme of the rondo
is usually in the tonic key
Another common rondo pattern is
ABACABA
The rondo was used
as late as the twentieth century
Symphony may be defined as a(n)
musical composition for orchestra, usually in four movements, sonata for orchestra, and extended, ambitious composition exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics
The usual order of movements in a classical symphony is
fast, slow, dance-related, fast.
The first movement of a classical symphony is almost always fast, and in _______________ form.
sonata
ABA form is typical of the minuet or scherzo movement and is also common in the
slow movement.
A symphony is unified partly by the use of the same
key in three of its movements
Classical chamber music is designed
for the intimate setting of a small room
The classical string quartet is a musical composition for
two violins, viola, and cello
The most important form in classical chamber music is the
string quartet
The piano trio is a musical composition for
violin, cello, and piano
The usual order of movements in a classical string quartet is
fast, slow, minuet or scherzo, fast
A major factor that distinguishes chamber music from the symphony or concerto is that chamber music
is performed by one player per part
Along with his symphonies, Haydn's _____________ are considered his most important works.
string quartets
Haydn's duties while in the service of the Esterházys included
composing all the music requested by his patron, conducting the orchestra, coaching the singers for operatic performances
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Haydn's music?
There are few changes in texture and orchestration.
Haydn's Trumpet Concerto in E Flat Major is performed today by the
valve trumpet
By the age of six, Mozart could
play the harpsichord and violin, improvise fugues and write minuets, read music perfectly at sight
Don Giovanni, in Mozart's opera of that name, is
the legendary Spanish lover
Mozart's Symphony No. 40
is in G minor
Mozart's finest German opera was
The Magic Flute
Mozart was born in
Salzburg, Austria
Which of the following statements is not true about the late eighteenth-century fortepiano?
it weighed the same as the modern piano
Beethoven's late works, composed after he was totally deaf, include
piano sonatas, string quartets, and the Ninth Symphony
Beethoven greatly expanded the _____________ section of the sonata-form movement and made it more dramatic.
development
The choral finale of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony is based on
Schiller's Ode to Joy
Beethoven's sixteen __________ are generally considered among the greatest music ever composed.
string quartets
One of the most famous rhythmic ideas in music is the short-short-short-long motive found in Beethoven's
5th Symphony
T/f. The size of the classical orchestra increased during the classical era to include 4 distinct sections.
True.
What was the main theme of the classical era?
Homophonic but with frequent shifts
What is another name for sonata form?
sonata-allegro form
Composers in the classical era borrowed ____ for their melodies and they were _____.
popular tunes; easy to remember
What part of the sonata for is known as the first sections and is usually repeated?
exposition
The resolution of tension in the sonata is known as the...
Recapitulation
What is at the end of a sonata form?
coda
What is a theme broken into?
motives
What is the classical form of movements?
Fast, slow, dance related, fast
What are the 4 sections of the classical symphony called?
strings, woodwinds, brass, and percusion
Beethoven replaced the name Bonaparte on his 3rd symphony with..
Eroica
What two composers wrote in all classical genres?
Beethoven and Mozart
Beethoven was financially successful as a..
freelance musician
Which composer completed his work mentally and never used a book for writing music?
Mozart
What was the name of Beethoven's only opera?
Fidelio
Who did Mozart work for in Vienna?
the archbishop
At age 8 Joseph Hadyn...
was sent to Vienna as a choir boy
Classical chamber music used ___ to ___ instruments.
4; 9
The classical concert is work for..
the orchestra and the soloist
A concerto has _____ movements.
3
IN classical music the idea is generally presented and then..
repeated
IN the minuet and trio each ternary part by itself is ___
ternary
What is this: Features a tuneful main theme which returns over and over and the main theme alternate other contrasting themes..
rondo