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74 terms

test 2: Ma study guide for cma

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7. antefebrile means
before fever
9. an "antipyretic" is an agent that works against
Fever
14. A nerve that carries an impulse toward the brain is a/an
Afferent nerve
15. Levels of organization of the body range from atomic to organismic. This is the basic structure unit of the body?
Cell
16. A word used to indicate the splitting open of a wound is
dehiscence
17. the scar left by a healed wound is an
Cicatrix
18. A bluish discoloration of the skin is
Cyanoderma
26. a word that means "incision into the skull" is
craniotomy
31. inflammation of the middle ear is
otitis media
41. the part of the urinary tract that collects urine is the
renal pelvis
46. macrodactylia means
Very large fingers or toes
47. Diathermy means
generating heat through tissues
50. symptoms indicating an approaching disease are its
prodrome
51. macroglossia means
large tongue
58. as a suffix, -clysis means
Irrigation
61. Diplo- is a comingin form that means
Double
62. A combining form that means "lip"is
Cheilo-
63 kinesio- is a combining form that means
movement
72. Xanth/o is used in medical terms to represent the color
Yellow
73 Hidro- is a combining form that means
Sweat
74. the word that best describes the putting together of simpler compoinds derived from nutrients into living organized materials useable by the body cells is
Anabolism
77. colp/o is a combining form that means
vagina
78 Necr/o is a combining form that refers to
Death
79 Ectopic is a term used to mean
misplaced
81 Crypt/o is a combining form that means
Hidden
82. An oncologist is concerned with
Tumors
83.a word that means "prolapse of organs" is
Visceroptosis
84. A medical term that means "blushing" is
Erythroderma
87. An abnormal lack of appetite results in
Anorexia
91. a word that means "self-destructing"is
Autolysis
93 "retrosternal" means
behind the sternum
95. Low blood sugar is
Hypoglycemia
96. The prefix con-means
With
97 The prefix dis- means
free of
104 Those parts farthest from the midsagittal plane are
Lateral
107 Caudal is synonymous with the term
Inferior
109 The body is divided into right and left sides by which of the following planes
Sagittal
111 "Retinoid" means
Resembling the retina
119 A vasotomy is an incision into the
vas deferens
122 Cycl/o- is a combining form for
ciliary body
123 Plastic surgery of the pupil is
Coreoplasty
124 "lacrimal" is a medical term that means pertaining to
Tears
127 The cornea is
Transparent
134 The ileum is the
distal portion of the small intestine
135 Varicella is commonly called
chickenpox
136 Herpetic stomatitis is a medical term for a condition commonly callded
Cold sore
139 The lay term for "urticaria" is
Hives
140 The lay term for "epidemic parotitis" is
Mumps
143 A suffix that means "without opening" is
-atresia
148 A suffix that refers to the body is
-some
149 A suffix meaning "to trun or to change" is
-tropia
151 The finest guage of suture material is referred to as
11-0
152 A type of suture in which the surgeon ties each stitch separately is called
Interrupted
156 Gigantism, acromegaly, and dwarfism are caused by
Disturbances of the endocrine system
157 Of the following, an example of a malignant osteogenic tumor is
Osteosarcoma
158 Abnormal hardness of bone is
Osteosclerosis
160 The surgical breaking of bone is called
Osteoclasis
164 The bones that form the cheeks are called
Zygomatic or malar bones
165 The number of cervical vertebrae is
7
170 Aponeuroses are
Flattened tendons attaching muscles
182 A chronic disease characterized by muscular weakness and frequently affecting the face and throat is
Myasthenia gravis
183 An example of a chondyloid joint that permits a variety of movements in different direction is
Finger and toe joints
186 A paralysis caused by a brain lesion, such as a tumor, or most commonly by a CVA is
Hemiplegia
188 An irreversible coma is also known as a
Brain death
190 The surgical joining of nerve ends is called
Neuroanastomosis
191 Meniere's disease is
An auditory nerve disorder
192 An example of a superficial reflex is the
Plantar reflex
193 A disease that may cause change in the shaped of the valvular cusps of the heart and a consequenst murmur is
Endocarditis
200 From the right ventricle of the heart blood is forced into the
Pulmonary artery
2. The suffix -phagia means
Eating
3. Onycho- is a combining form that means
Nail
4. Coreo- is a combining form that means
Pupil
49.Surgical crushing of a nerve is
Neurotripsy
166. The xiphoid process is part of the
sternum