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CMST exam 2
Terms in this set (105)
glasses hero from the 20s, goofy but recognizable,
"laughter", the mechanical encrusted upon the living, anesthesia of the heart
Founded Keystone Studios and essentially created the slapstick genre that was later perfected and enhanced by early comic film actors.
conventional melodrama, situational comedies, parodies of serious films
three basic kinds of films of improvisation and riffling according to Mack Sennett
A "silent comedian," this movie star continued to lengthen the silent film style and offer an alternative to the sound film with his trademark tattered suit, derby hat, and cane, playing the "little tramp" who made audiences laugh with his silent jokes."the Goldfish" "the kid"
an American comic actor and filmmaker.He was best known for his silent films, in which his trademark was physical comedy with a consistently stoic, deadpan expression, earning him the nickname "The Great Stone Face". movies: "The General"
The one great comic Frenchman before Chaplin
He has also been cited as the "first international movie star." also known as the man in the silk hat
baby faced child man, had the shortest comic career of all known for film like "the strong man"
stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy
slapstick duo brought together by Hal Roach, opposite physical types
the most powerful film company of the silent era
owner of paramount pictures, known for block booking
owner of MGM , he controlled all three aspects of the film business Production, distribution, and exhibition
20th century fox
created by William fox, known for quality of productions, won first and only academy award for artistic quality of a production for "sunrise"
created by four brothers Albert, Harry, sam, and jack and got famous off of "the jazz singer" film
founded by Harry and Jack Cohn , popularized by Frank Capra
William H. Hays
President Harding campaign manager, became president of the motion picture producers and distributors of America, tried to keep films out of the hands of the government
founder of the Hollywood Studio System,
Married to Mary Pickford from , and together, the couple became Hollywood royalty. He became known as "The King of Hollywood."
created the "Ten Commandments" , famous for his bible references that put Hollywood on the map
paid important detail to set designing his films, famous films include "greed" and "Foolish Wives"
.Comedic Actress (silent era)
.Became 1st American Female Film Director
.One of the highest paid directors of the silent era
.Shot movies from a Female P.O.V. films: "the blot" "where are my children"
reminded actors to be natural, only woman director for 15 years
most important woman director of the 1920s
one of his most famous films is "the crowd"
father of the documentary feature , famous film "chang"
Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy
put together by Hal Roach, became the most popular team of the silent era,
America's sweetheart, personified women as sweet and innocent
Paramount, MGM, and First National
the big three
united artist, fox film corporation, universal, Columbia picture, Warner brothers
the little five
round three of the industry wars consisted of
the star system
a shift in morality
the roaring 20s equals
film that signaled the start of a new era , tale of fantasy and horror with a psychological twist , hypnotist forces his slave to go about murdering people , first feature length film shot completely in the studio
most important science fiction film since a trip to the moon , rich live above the poor in a futuristic like city
film by Henpeck Galeen about Dracula , made his monster grotesque instead of handsome
"the last laugh"
by F.W. Murnau the power of the moving camera popularized this film , where a man defines his essence by a uniform
MPPDA (Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America) with Will Hays at the head
Hollywood spin control consisted of what
Eric Von Stroheim
GREED , director where his films contained themes of sexual promiscuity and greed metaphors for a corrupt society
Cecil B Demille
THE Ten Commandments, director that gave the audience what it wanted, sin and salvation
an African-American filmmaker who produced "race movies", showing all African-American casts in a variety of roles
fantasy and horror, psychological films
two major types of German Film in the golden age
atmosphere and texture within the shot
power of editing to join shots
Expressionism, the Kammerspielfilm, the new objectivity
three major periods of German film in the golden age
Head of UFA. Producer of many famous german expressionist films. "the cabinet of Calgary"
" The Joyless Street"
film by Pabst , women have a choice to go and become prostittues( mea) or they can stand in line for meat
She becomes the meat, Swedish actress who often played a doomed beauty, direct and unhesitating in her speech and actions
the Schuffatan process invented by Eugene Schuffatan for this film, many versions exist, it was adolpf hitlers favorite film
"triumph of the will"
This Nazi propaganda film was created in 1936 by Leni Riefenstahl to show the might of the Nazi party at a rally in Nuremberg., shot HItler from below to show his power
the foundation of the soviet silent cinema in the 20s
the means by which editing could control the films structure, meaning, and effect
1. Post WWI shortage of film stock
2. Lev Kuleshov's workshops at the Moscow film school didn't have stock, but they had copies of two films both that contained montages: Abel Gence's "La Rouge" and Griffith's "Intolerance"
two accidents that contributed to the montages importance of soviet cinema
1. Mozhukhin experiment
3. Creative anatomy
The Kulshov experiments (3)
1. to tell a story (narrative cuts)
2. intellectual response (metaphorical or associative cuts)
3. emotional of kinesthetic response ( rhythm, tone, form, and directional cuts)
from their experiments Kuleshov and his students learned three primary functions of editing and their kinds of cuts
cutting based on tempo by number of frames (Eisenstien)
Direction, rhythm, bulk, emphasis, camera angle, intensity of light, intensity of emotion, vitality
Eisensteins' technicus of dialectic montage consist of shots that can contrast or conflict in terms of (8)
Metric, Rhythmic, Tonal, Overtonal, Intellectual or ideological methods
Eistensteins five essential types of emotional/psychological montage
determined by the rhythm of the cutting , basis is the length of the shot
basing the cutting rate on the tempo of the movement within each shot
the emotional tone becomes the basis for editing
the totality of metric, rhythmic, and tonal montage
intellectual or ideological methods
cutting is used to create abstract conceptual, relationships between shots
Sergei M. Eisenstein
the master of montage, his films hold together by means of theme instead of story
editing together entirely different shots though when juxtaposed they could be related thematically
film that uses rhythmic montage directed by Eisenstein , one feels the film as a rhythm mood or texture
film that uses overtones montage from Pudovkhin, about a woman who learns that radical action is the only protection against a wicked state
a loose historical survey of the months between the February revolution and the Bolshevik revolution
Eisenstein theory of montage was one of ___ where Pudovik was one of ___
film that uses rhythmic and tonal montage
film that uses intellectual montage
third of the great society directors, films are saturated in Ukranian life as he came from the provinces ,created the film "arsenal"
Eisensteins first sound feature, exemplifies his theory of contrapuntal sound with the music playing with and against the montage
1. capturing life unawareness
2. reshaping it to a Marxist vision
the camera was Dizga Vertov's "kino eye" which would produce "kino Pravada" by a two part process
"man with a movie camera"
film produced by Vertov that showed the relationship between the camera and the human body, man vs machine
stalinism and society of surveillance, sinister Soviet manipulations of images, sexual politics ( always a man with a movie camera)
man with a movie camera leaves with three problems
the means of recording the soundtrack directly on the film itself
technology, aesthetics, industry, culture
the stories of sound film
period of sensationalism
sound would first be a novelty and exploited fro that value, sound would be literal
period of "photographed performances"
these would be "high culture" but would send the cinema back to the aesthetic economy of live theatre , montage would be destroyed
sound that counterpoints or contrasts the image
synchronization and amplification
two main problems with engineering sound
sound on disc( vibraphone), sound on film( tai-ergon process)
earliest synchronized sound technologies that had widespread use
vibraphone: sound on disc
nobody wanted this device at first but then Warner Bros took a gamble
De Forest Phonofilm
sound on film that came ahead of others but did not last, Pat Powers adapts the process and calls it Cinephone and sells it to Disney to make Steamboat Willie
"the jazz singer"
first big sound feature film to use synchronous sound to tell a story and to make a wide impact
the tri-ergon process
Germans used a photocell to convert the sound into light beams , recorded the beams on one side of the strip film, built a reader on the projector that could retranslate the light beams into sound
artistic, technical, commercial
new sound film caused filmmakers and film critiques three primary problems
muffled the sound of the camera so it could be mobile
the sound moviola
an editing device that allows you to edit sound and image separately or simultaneously a system of numbering frames called "rubber numbering" or edge numbering still in use today
the practice of synching sound to action
Louis Delluc and Ricciotto Canudo
founded many of the subsequent French societies for the preservation of films of the past
Un Chien Andalou
surrealist film that opens with the slitting of an eye ball by Salvador Dali-luis Bunnel
the fall of the house of usher
film by Jean Epstein, dream effect used in film, turns the house of usher into a house of visual music
Dimitri Kirsanoff, film about two sisters who's parents are killed by an axe murdere and later he comes back to kill them
created J'accuse and Napoleon, one of the most important commercial directors of the decade, unchallenged master of montage
film about zombies coming back from the dead during WWI, considered one of the greatest anti-war films
La Roue (1922)
Seven hour movie that got a standing ovation and the crowd wouldn't leave until they showed the last reel again, Its rapid cutting became known as Russian cutting
About the mythical man who pulls a divided nation out of the revolution,
used multiple imagery (polyvision)
Carl Theodor Dreyer
Silent flim producer (Joan of Arc) Religious
the passion of Joan of Arc
o Film examines Joan's long trial narratively and shows her as an emotional being instead of a religious figure
o The ultimate silent film best example of the power of visual expression
a nous la liberté
about two inmates that work in a prison, they both try to escape but only one is successful. He gets out a becomes a successful factory owner where he creates his own prison making people do the same thing he once did
The most widely known of early French sound directors. Sous les toits de Paris (1930), Le Million (1930), and À nous, la liberté (1931) found an international audience. Imaginatively used camera movements, stretches of silence, and sonic puns.
Films primary theme was freedom. Surrealist. Thought the French government was confining so he tried to find freedom in films. created L'Atalante and Zero de conduit
Romantic movie showing two adults discovering what is most important
Dives under water to try and see his loves face
zero de conduit
Contrast energetic freedom of boyhood with the prison like school they had to attend
Boys rebel against the institution
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Chapter 9: The Introduction to Sound
Chapter 9: The Coming of Sound
Video Audio Aesthetics Exam 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
chapter 4 theatre in Ancient Rome
chapter 3 ancient athenian comedy
chapter 2 ancient Athens