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Structure of the Constitution vocab
Terms in this set (32)
introduction paragraph of the Constitution which outlines the six basic principles of the Constitution.
sections of the Constitution are divided into...
basic principle that government and those who govern are bound by the fundamental law; the rule of law; and limited government, through constitutional methods.
Rule of Law
government and its officers are always subject to-never above-the law.
Separation of Powers
basic principle of the American system of government, that the executive, legislative, and judicial powers are divided among the three independent and coal equal branches of government.
Checks and Balances
system of overlapping the powers of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, to permit each branch checked the actions of the others.
chief executive's power to reject a bill passed by a legislature; literally (Latin) "I forbid".
power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of the actions of the legislative and executive branches of the government.
contrary to constitutional provisions, and so and valid.
is a system of government in which a written Constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis. The division is made between a central, or national, government and several regional or local governments.
a change in, or addition to, the Constitution or a law.
a modification in the Constitution brought about through one of the four methods set forth in the Constitution.
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
pact made by the President with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement the force of law but does not require Senate consent.
formal agreement made between or among sovereign states.
group of persons (presidential electors) chosen in each State and the District of Columbia for every four years to make a formal selection of the President and Vice President.
Presidential advisory body, additionally composed of the heads of the executive departments and other officers the President may choose.
a congressional act that allows the people of the United States territory to prepare a constitution as a step toward admission as a State in the Union
Act of admission
a congressional act admitting a United States territory into the Union as a state.
financial aid granted by one government to another (national government to the states), with the funds available, subject to certain conditions and to be used for certain purposes.
one type of federal grants- in- aid, block grant monies are to be used in some particular but broadly defined area of public policy (e.g., education, or highways).
type of federal grant providing monies to be used for a particular closely defined project (cancer research, hospitals, schools).
_________ of royal colonies provided for direct rule by the king
Virginia House of Burgesses
The first colonial legislature was the _______ ________ __ __________, established in 1619
was the first independent form of government in America, which in essence declared that they would rule themselves.
a economic system based on the belief that colonies existed in order to increase the mother country's wealth.
Articles of confederation
The creation of the ____________ ___ _______________ represent the American colonies' first attempt to becomes a nation
Delegated (sometimes called enumerated or expressed)
are specifically granted to the federal government in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution. This includes the power to coin money, to regulate commerce, to declare war, to raise and maintain armed forces, and to establish a Post Office.
are not specifically stated in the Constitution, but may be inferred from the elastic (or "necessary and proper") clause (Article I, Section 8). This provision gives Congress the right "to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and other powers vested in the government of the United States." Since these powers are not explicit, the courts are often left to decide what constitutes an implied power.
are not specifically listed in the Constitution, but they grow out of the very existence of the national government. For example, the United States has the power to acquire territory by exploration and/or occupancy, primarily because most governments in general claim that right.
which are set aside for the states.
"Full faith and credit"
One provision is that each state must give "_______ ______ _____ ________" to the public acts, records, and civil judicial proceedings of every other state
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