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Philosophy of art Exam 1
Terms in this set (23)
Art as expression
artwork expressing feeling and emotion
art as representation
(Dewey) Art was not copying, it reflected emotions/ideas associated with the most important institutions of everyday life. The ability to represent reality.
art as transmission of emotion
art, objects, or design considered to be in poor taste because of excessive garishness or sentimentality, but sometimes appreciated in an ironic or knowing way.
art that appeals unsubtly and unapologetically to the "sweeter" sentiments
this concept is central to both the gustatory and aesthetic realms
theory that art does not imitate but creates a new reality
the 'is' of artistic identification
this word is used in a special way when identifying something as art
"Learning Through Experience", Project based, free activity, cooperative learning, teach students how to think for themselves, social success, hands-on activities
art transmits the artist's feelings. The concept of"universal" art says that art is relevant to everyone. Art is relevant to every aspect of the human condition. Therefore, art must aim to be "universal" if it expresses thoughts and feelings which can be experiences by every human being.
Artists represent reality, creating copies or imitating real life. They do no present reality as it is in itself. All art should be kept out of the government (Kallipolis) except for hymns to gods and eulogies of virtuous men.
Questioned if the art of mass media had a negative effect on society like Plato said. Plato saw characters in art as real while this philosopher knew that the representation isn't real.
Saw Kitsch as cheap and "feminine" and that the art had no effort to it.
Defends sweet kitsch and that it expresses a sensitive feeling. Viewers should not feel bad about feeling vulnerable unless is replaces more serious thoughts
This philosopher argues that aesthetic judgements (of taste) must have four key distinguishing features. He believes that everyone has their own individual taste (sense). It is only "beautiful" based on a the matter of objective judgement.
This philosopher regards the natural capacity of taste as fundamental to the human ability to make moral and aesthetic judgements. His general principles are; pleasing/displeasing forms of object. Sound taste, or defective taste, in each creature. Experts in taste are possible. The more we experience good art, the better we get at judging. (as long as you're being honest, you can't be wrong about whether or not you like something. Because that's totally subjective.)
Philosopher present the thought of beauty being in the eye of the beholder. You cannot be wrong about aesthetic appreciation. Two theories of art; Imitation theory- imitation as a deceptive mirror image is false. Reality theory - Art doesn't imitate but creates a new reality.
created the institutional theory of art- something is a piece of art if it is an artifact. As well as some person or persons acting on behalf of a certain social institutions (the art world) has conferred the status of candidate for appreciation. Something is a piece of art once it is in an exhibit for people to view. Once it is on display, it is an artifact. Once people see the display and appreciate it, it is art. This brings in display, awareness, and appreciation.
This philosopher focused on graffiti and questioned it as art or vandalism. She believed that writing shows how little the traditional art world can assimilate outside its own structures.
This philosopher discusses the difference and commonalities on sports and performances. He thought activities such as skating or diving are performances because they are judged (perfecting their craft) while activities like football and soccer were games because they refereed. (playing new experiences)
This philosopher argues against Suits ideas on sports. He believed sports such as diving and and ice skating are simultaneously performances and games. Athletes aim to do their action beautifully and learning tricks makes the goal more difficult to achieve. This makes the sport more interesting
This philosopher makes the distinction that a dish is a work of art and that cookery is an art form. It's difficult to find food as art, but that doesn't mean the food is never art.
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