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131 terms

Humanitie greece

STUDY
PLAY
Odysseus
main character, fought in trojan war, greek, king of ithaca
telemachus
prince of ithaca, odysseus' and penelope's son
penelope
queen of ithaca, wife of odysseus, faithful
laertes
odysseus' father, loyal,
eurycleia
old nurse to odysseus
Anticlea
odysseus' mother
suitors
took over odysseus' house, courted penelope
antinuous
main suitor, killed by odysseus
eurymachus
2nd main suitor, killed by odysseus
polyphemus
blinded by odysseus, poseidons son
poseidon
god of the sea, enemy of odysseus
zeus
god of gods, supports odysseus
athena
daughter of zeus, helps odysseus with his journey
Hermes
messenger god, guides dead souls to underworld
hades
king of the underworld
calypso
nymph that held odysseus on ogygia for 7 years
circe
nymph that turned odysseus' men into pigs, odysseus stayed there for over a year then his men told him to leave.
circe became his guide
achilles
commander of myrmidons, achean hero that died at troy, armor given to odysseus
ajax
after not getting achilles armor he went crazy and killed all cattle then killed himself
Tiresias
blind seer of thebes, tells future to odysseus from the underworld
Aeolus
god of winds. gave odysseus bag of winds
Helios
sun god. cattle killed by odysseus' men
fates
determined mans life
heracles
son of zeus, hero of labors. divided life between underworld and olumpus
tantalus
forever doomed to eternal thirst and hunger
agamemnon
greek warrior, at home was killed by wife and clytemnestra
clytemnestra
agamemnons wife, killed him with lover
orestes
son of agamemnon and clytemnestra. killed moms lover
persephone
queen of underworld, daughter of demeter
elpenor
fell of circes roof and died, talked to odysseus in underworld
cerberus
3 headed guard dog of the underworld
king alcinous
king of phaeacians, sent odysseus home
queen arete
queen of phaeacians
princess nausicaa
daughter of alcinous and arete
lotus eaters
eat lotus(drug) keep odysseus' men
demordicus
bling singer of the phaeacians
ino
once a mortal now nymph of sea
nestor
king of pylains
meneleus
king of lacedamon. husband of helen. brother to agamemnon
eurylochus
kin of odysseus, 2nd in command
phaecians
inhabitants of phaeacia/ scheria
argos
loyal dog of odysseus
supplication
begging or prayer
in medias res
in the middle
foil characters
opposites
parallel characters
same
elysium fields
where heros go in the underworld
tantarus
lowest place beath the earth. place for punishment
polytrops
many sides
nector and ambrosia
food and drinks of the gods
prophecy
tell future
stealth
secret
enthralled
to capture/ charm
gorging
small canyon
thwart
to prevent/ frustrate
indignation
strong displeasure
calypso
to hide
penelope
faithful duck. weaving
antinous
to go against
libations
pouring wine out to the gods
eagle
strong, graceful, odysseus and zeus
forest
confusion
lotus
temptation
clothes
civilized
olive
athena
water
rebirth or purify
grove
hard place
garden
temptation
fire
rebirth or purify
cave
false reality
grapes or wine
power
veil/ threshold
seperation
wind
change
sleep
death
gate
seperation
weaving
trap or women
3 and 7
complete, whole, balance
morning and night
death and rebirth
purple
royal, wealth
blood
sacrafice
hearth
home
seasons
change
trident
poseidon
lyre
apollo
xenia
guest host code
arete
excellence
moria
fate
oikos
family unit
kleos
rep
time
prize from war
greek citizenship
free but with limits
acropolis
high city
oligarchy
rule by few
aristocracy
rule by the elite
tyranny
dictator
constitution
composed/ made up
spartan society
based on war
pan-hellenism
idea of a union of all greeks in a single political body
hoplite
armed soliders that faught in a phalanix
helot
slave to spartans
solon
leader of athens, made new laws. look in notes
cleisthenes
democracy
draco
harsh ruler
xerxes
son of darius, leader with largest military
lycurgus
father of sparta
pericles
noble family, athenian leader, victory against persia, reelected many times, died by the plague
darius
king of persia, many wars, built up the largest empire, then died and son xerxes took over
importance of persian war
defining moment for greeks, athens dominating, greeks greatest moment
socrates
greek philosopher, founder of western philosophy, forced to death
plato
student of socrates, greek philosopher and mathmatition
aristotle
student of plato, greek philosopher, taught alexander the great
minos
king minos lived in a large palace where the minotaur lived underneath
crete
largest most populated island in greece with many palaces scattered
palace society of the minoans
many palaces scattered. a minotaur lived under king minos and would take 7 men and 7 women every year
redistributive economy
the king would take all the income from the people and disttribute it evenly
trojan war
10 years, troans vs greeks, gods chose a side
dorians
ansestors of the spartans, invaded the myceneans,
citadel
fortified wall around the polis
polis
city-state
mycenaean society
war-based, no arts, warriors, strong
central authority
a leadership from one place
athens
attica, across from gulf, stopped dorians, inified by kings, many governments, ended up with democracy
sparta
from dorians, based around war, depends on slaves, dominated peloponnesus
solon
takes from the rich and gives to the poor
salamis bay
greeks defeated greatest empire, on the follow up battle spartans and athens came together
marathon
not for glory, athens had little hope of victory, but ended with it
persia
greatest empire before a defeat in athens
knossos
largest bronze age archaeological site
mycenean
war based, bronze age, peloponnese
minoans
art and trade
socrates death
forced to death by currupting the youth