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MUSC 115 Midterm studyguide vocab
Terms in this set (52)
Single line of melody - monophonous "Viderunt Omnes" 10th century
A very early way of notating pitch Neumes are written on top of staff lines. 2 types, heightened and unheightened
has melody happening over continuously
Began in the 12th century, The simplest form of troping is adding voices to an existing melody. Started as adding one melosmatic (lots of notes) voice over the tenure, Tenure always holds the main chant, Around 1180 people started to create poliphony ( add one voice over the top of that lane in melosmatic passages) EARLIEST FORM OF POLPHONY.
multiple notes over one note example isLeonin or Perotin's "Viderunt Omnes", uses malismas
Ut re mi fa so la
way of teaching people how to sing.. Each finger represents each note
low short low short. Instead of having a specific value we have different meters taken from latin poetry and we have diff names.. Long short long short...
Guido of arrezo
11th century, Guidonian hand Early notation of music
involved with medieval motet, specific kind of french poetry involves specific characters.. Characters and knight robin or Shepard involved and it represents 12th and 13th century, French song, romance of a shepherdess + knight, Sexual, Marcabru - L'autreier just una sebissa
Who uses pastorel?
Michoe uses a lot of pastorel in his motets
Pastorel religious allegory
Shepard represents virgin mary knight is the devil attempting to seduce her. Robin represents christ. When we get into renaissance period, dont really see pastoral
Ut re mi fa sol la
Guido de Arezzo 11th century, Chant used to learn notes, Early form of notation
solo instrument against orchestra, for example four seasons as it alternates with solo instruments
1600 1751 is the baroque period, human emotion which we call affects. In this period, mostly monody which is one melody ( example is a guitar and one person singing). This is the best way to get rid of unnecessary voices to hear one
What is the biggest change in buroque period?
going from expressing human and nature to expressing human emotion and do this through compositional style
late 1300s to late 1400s
1400s to 1600s.. A lot of polyphony ( a lot of voices going on) and text painting.
Factors of baroque
Portrays ore human emotions
Medieval music played in the church w/stories from bible and/or the saints Song is Hildegard von Bingen
lots of notes
12th and 13th century Poets from South/North of France Sang about courtly love Marcabru - L'autrier just una sebissa
multiple voices moving at different times. Taking a traditional melody and adding new words on top of that . 12th century begins, Takes a snippet of older text and adds to it -- adds words to upper voices of organum, French, Latin, examples are... are POLYPHONIC GENRE BC MULTIPLE VOICES
A french song secular bc its in french, features is that its mostly about love (french poetry mostly about love)
a part that is repeating, you go through it again. For example, El Grio by Roscan.
Uses multiple voices singing different melodies. Multiple voices happening at different times. Leonin's "Viderunt Omnes" - two voices: tenor and florid organum
Fixed form ( ballade / rondeau/ virelai)
it is structured, around a fixed pattern, of repetition, of material involving, a refrain. Ballade, Rondeau, virelai. For example, Guillaume Machaut's Douce Dame Jolie=Virelai)
music of the A section always come back
some music, some music, some other music:
specific to an occasion. Example is if i am celebrating x mas i wont sing a gradual that is talking about christ resurrection bc talking about christ being born
viiiiii y yy yy y y y talks about birth of christ
sung at every mass
Cantus firmus mass ( L Homee arme)
all voice enter with same theme each phrase of music matches each phrase of text , texture in which the same melody is sung in succession by different voices
portraying the human body in a more realistic sense, Celebrates human nature in the natural world. Text painting is a way to portray humanism. Example is El Rio the Cricket Imitating cricket but also a nasty song, Meant to sound like the natural world even when its grotesque
Eventually meddieval is carried into rennaisance period but changes into
medieval style to renassance style..
A madrigal is
1 voice 1 piece of harmony. opera, You have choruses in there but the whole idea of opera is to hear a story one voice at a time
What composers associated with motets and organums?
leonin and peotin
Music with a single melody, related to chant. Ex kenda maya troubadour song is a Gregorian chant bc multiple people singing "Viderunt Omnes" or Baroque Operas like Monteverdi's "Tu Se Morta", Used until Leonin, returned in Baroque period
What can you call early medieval songs
monophony bc all that is written down is 1 melody
Figured bass like tables / chords, baroque.
What about Duffay?
a renaissance composer, he composes motets but later
the whole idea of opera is to hear a story one voice at a time, dramatic work in one or more acts, set to music for singers and instrumentalists.
tells all the action, cannot be associated w hilda ordgens. Some instruments happening but they are singing there lines over that
sings about the emotion, more melodic, more line to it, associated w dance form
all sacred are latin
always in vernacular language, french, italian, english
people singing at the same time ( different chords), homophony is used for important moments to emphasize ( word painting)
a musical composition for a solo instrument or instruments accompanied by an orchestra, four seasons ( violin)
"Refrain" Short, recurring instrumental passage found in Baroque music Vivaldis Four Seasons
Instrumental music that tells a story or describes a picture or a scene.
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