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federal court jurisdiction
cases involving federal law, treaties, and the interpretation of the Constitution
courts that hear reviews or appeals of decisions from the lower courts (Court of Appeals and Supreme Court)
When does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?
If case comes from state supreme court and involves federal law or Constitution, or if the case involves representatives of a foreign government or a state as a party.
the practice of allowing individual senators who represent the state where the district is located to approve or disapprove potential nominees- District Court nominations
test of ideological purity toward a liberal or conservative stand on certain issues like abortion
an accepted case is returned to the lower court for reconsideration because of another related case that was recently decided
writ of certiorari
an order by the Court (when petitioned) directing a lower court to send up the records of a case for review
a detailed statement of the facts of the case supporting a particular position by presenting arguments based on relevant facts and citations from previous cases
majority opinions become standards or guides to be followed in deciding similar cases in the future
New Deal Era
conservative court shot down new deal legislation, Justices Hughe and Roberts began voting in favor of new deal, court packing plan
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