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Arts and Humanities
MUSC 115 terms
Terms in this set (36)
Plainchant (Gregorian Chant)
Charlemagne standardized the chants to unify europe. Pope Gregory "created" songs to unify the church tunes that would be sung in services and sacred places - likely borrowed from existing melodies at the time to increase church attendance - monophony
two types heightened and unheightened. They look like squiggles of note values. You can only see the shape of the melody for unheightened. Guido wrote the first staff lines for heightened type.
adding voices to an existing chant or melody earliest form of polyphony. Born in the 12th century notre dame cathedral. Uses melismas. Perotin and Leonin are early composers that employ organum
involved with medieval motet. Machaut uses lots of pastorales. Think of maiden seduced by the knight then choosing robinhood. - Sacred meaning behind lyrics
in absence of a time signature rhythmic pattern ex. Long short long short were employed
Ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la
Do re mi fa so la ti do stem group. Invented by Guido and used on a hand cheat sheet. 👏
Hildregaurd of Bingen
an educated and musically talented nun who found music inspiration from holy visions
lots of notes going up and down usually in stepwise motion in one syllable. Many highs and lows.
one note to one syllable
considered polyphonic. Tenor and two upper voices. composers: Earliest polyphony composers. Mostly sacred music.
Polytextual motet (13th century motets)
Taking a traditional melody and adding new words on top (polytextual motet)
Polyphonic chanson/ Strophic Song
chanson is a secular french song about love. Strophic songs repeat lyrics. You go through it then you go through it again. The best example of one on the study guide is Binchois' "Dueil anguesseus." It uses a fixed form (ballade) and polyphonic compositional style (multiple voices moving in different rhythms at different times), unlike the other chanson on your list "Tant que vivray" (also a ballade) which is homophonic
Fixed form (ballade/ rondeau/ virelai)
repeating poetic structure of a song usually used in chansons. Ballade AaB - rondeau rounded form ABaAabAB - virelai ABbA
texts are sung at every mass in the same order with the same lyrics.
is for special occasions like Christmas
portraying the human body in a very realistic sense. Celebrates human nature and the natural world. Human anatomy/ realism is the focus. Occurs in renaissance period and with madrigals.
secular songs with Word painting in renaissance period.
does not repeat. Something by itself goes all the way through. Opposite of strophic.
emphasising a lyric word's importance - melody is often composed around the lyrical meaning
singing solo over Basso continuo accompaniment. One melody.
a continuous baseline. Often, chords and other notes can be improvised over a baseline.
Le nuove musiche (Giulio Caccini)
is a collection of monodies and songs for solo voice and basso continuo by the composer Giulio Caccini, published in Florence in July 1602. Included musical examples of ornaments. (e.g. Filli Mirando - Caccini)
Opera (Favola in Musica)
a genre of music categorized by pure singing with a storyline, monody, tragic storylines, key changes with emotion (major-minor).
baroque. A more spoken style with accompanying music. Tells action that is happening specifically in Operas.
baroque. a song with an actual melody and clearer beats. Sings and focuses on emotions.
Sacred vs. Secular
categories placing things in relationship to God/ religion vs themes and things not immediately dedicated to faith practices. Ave Maria vs Fair Phylis
one melody. One central voice at a time like opera. Has accompaniment.
related to gregorian chants mainly. One single voice everyone's parts together.
one sound of voices
multiple moving voices
multiple voices moving around
a symphony of a large orchestra of strings and winds features virtuous passages of solo or groups of instruments accompanied by the rest of the orchestra (i.e. Four Seasons)
Vivaldi employed this form features a continuous return to an original melody like a refrain
music with an accompanying program. Not lyric for lyric but used as a guide for the opera, plot, or meaning. Vivaldi created the first known programmatic music
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